Mayan art history. Architecture. Stone sculpture. Wood carving. Stucco modeling. Mural painting. Writing and bookmaking. Ceramics and ‘ceramic codex’
Mayan Art is characterized by stone sculptures, architecture, ceramics , wood carving , and wall painting which are some of its most celebrated forms. Mayan artists were exceptionally skilled at stone sculpture and stonework .
They played music, danced, and played games such as the Maya ball game.
The Maya used stucco plaster to create large masks and portraits of both the gods and the kings.
The Mayan religion was Polytheist, and they worshiped more than 165 Gods. The Gods were human-like. The Gods were born, grew up and died. The Mayan religion believed that most peoples souls’ were vanquished to spend their afterlives in the underworld.
The Mayan Pantheon: Gods and Goddesses Itzamna . Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world. Yum Kaax. A nature god, Yum Kaax is the god of wild plants and animals, the god of the woods. Maize God. Hunab Ku. Kinich Ahau. Ix Chel. Chaac. Kukulkan.
Like many Mesoamerican pyramids , each was constructed around a core of rubble held in place by retaining walls. The walls were then faced with adobe bricks, and then covered with limestone. The base of the Pyramid of the Sun measures 730 feet per side, with five stepped terraces reaching a height of some 200 feet.
Maya stelae were worked with stone chisels and probably with wooden mallets. Hammerstones were fashioned from flint and basalt and were used for shaping the softer rocks used to make stelae, while fine detail was completed with smaller chisels.
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
The Maya have lived in Central America for many centuries. They are one of the many Precolumbian native peoples of Mesoamerica . In the past and today they occupy Guatemala, adjacent portions of Chiapas and Tabasco, the whole of the Yucatan Peninsula, Belize, and the western edges of Honduras and Salvador.
The history of chocolate can be traced to the ancient Mayans , and even earlier to the ancient Olmecs of southern Mexico. The word chocolate may conjure up images of sweet candy bars and luscious truffles, but the chocolate of today is little like the chocolate of the past.
Mysterious Decline of the Maya From the late eighth through the end of the ninth century, something unknown happened to shake the Maya civilization to its foundations. One by one, the Classic cities in the southern lowlands were abandoned, and by A.D. 900, Maya civilization in that region had collapsed.
Mayas were buried with a death mask , which was intended to protect the wearer on their journey to the afterlife. The death mask of King Pakal is one of the most famous Maya artefacts.
Maya codices (singular codex) are folding books written by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization in Maya hieroglyphic script on Mesoamerican bark paper. The codices have been named for the cities where they eventually settled.