Discovered in 1570 by Diego García de Palacio, the Maya site of Copan is one of the most important sites of the Mayan civilization. It was also the political centre and cultural focus of a larger territory that covered the southeast portion of the Maya area and its periphery.
Copan is an ancient Maya city , located in modern-day western Honduras. It was ruled by a dynasty of 16 kings between roughly A.D. 426 and 820. The city’s ancient name may have been Oxwitik and its official emblem was in the shape of a bat.
Copán was a powerful city ruling a vast kingdom within the southern Maya area. The city suffered a major political disaster in AD 738 when Uaxaclajuun Ub’aah K’awiil, one of the greatest kings in Copán’s dynastic history, was captured and executed by his former vassal, the king of Quiriguá.
Like all of the Maya, the people of Copán were agriculturalists, growing seed crops such as beans and corn , and root crops such as manioc and xanthosoma.
Do The Maya Still Exist ? Descendants of the Maya still live in Central America in modern-day Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and parts of Mexico. The majority of them live in Guatemala, which is home to Tikal National Park, the site of the ruins of the ancient city of Tikal.
Tikal is a complex of Mayan ruins deep in the rainforests of northern Guatemala. Historians believe that the more than 3,000 structures on the site are the remains of a Mayan city called Yax Mutal, which was the capital of one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient empire.
Honduras has been inhabited by a number of indigenous peoples, the most powerful of which, until the ninth century CE, were the Maya . The western-central part of Honduras was inhabited by the Lenca while other indigenous peoples settled in the northeast and coastal regions.
Many hypotheses have been developed to explain the collapse of the southern Classic Maya polities between A.D. 790 and 950. They include environmental degradation, climate change, warfare, top-heavy political systems, and natural disasters (1, 2). The Copan Valley lies on the southeastern periphery of the Maya region.
Palenque , ruined ancient Mayan city of the Late Classic Period (c. 600–900 ce) in what is now Chiapas state, Mexico, about 80 miles (130 km) south of Ciudad del Carmen. Its original name is speculative; the site now shares the name the Spanish gave to a neighbouring village.
Brief Historical Background of the Copan Ruins Even though Copán was occupied for more than two thousand years , the Copan Ruins complex we see today was mostly built between 400 and 800 AD, when it served as the capital city of a major Classic period kingdom.
Copan Ruinas is one of several safe destinations in Honduras that you can enjoy during your travels. The archaeological park, as well as town, and the trails from town to the park are all safe .
0 10 Ahau 8 Chen, which translates to 26th July 736AD. This makes it the last monument erected by 18 Rabbit before he was captured and beheaded by Cauac Sky of Quirigua . The front of Stela D shows 18 Rabbit holding the serpent sceptre, with the swept back hair of the Maize God, a wrinkled old face and a beard.
The Mayans were an agricultural society and were known as the “men of corn”. Another essential element in the diet of the Mayan people and the main source of protein were beans, which in the native language are called “bu’ul”. They were mashed and spread onto tortillas to make tacos .
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
Read more: 7 of Mexico’s best ruins, and how you can see them. Tulum , Mexico. Tulum , Mexico. Copan, Honduras. Copan, Honduras. Tikal, Guatemala. Tikal, Guatemala. Xunantunich, Belize. Xunantunich, Belize. Palenque, Mexico. Palenque, Mexico.