Classic Maya civilization grew to some 40 cities, including Tikal , Uaxactún, Copán, Bonampak, Dos Pilas, Calakmul , Palenque and Río Bec; each city held a population of between 5,000 and 50,000 people. At its peak, the Maya population may have reached 2,000,000.
The Maya civilization consisted of a large number of city – states . Each city -state had its own independent government. Archeologists believe there were hundreds of Maya cities at the peak of the Mayan civilization. You can visit the ruins of some Maya city – states today such as Chichen Itza and Tikal.
List five great Maya cities, and describe the basic city design. Possible answers are Palenque , Copán , Tikal, Toniná, Yaxchilán, Banampak. The basic city design consisted of the palace and temples in the center, with the temples in a cross formation. Buildings were often places on top of older structures.
Other important Maya city – states include Coba, Uxmal, Mayapan, Tulum, Palenque, and Kabah. Palenque was once known as the “Red City ” because its buildings were all painted red. Much is known about the kings of Tikal including some of their interesting names such as Jaguar Paw, Curl Head, Shield Skull, and Double Bird.
After assembling a record-setting 154 radiocarbon dates, the researchers have been able to develop a highly precise chronology that illuminates the patterns that led up to the two collapses that the Maya civilization experienced: the Preclassic collapse, in the second century A.D., and the more well-known Classic
The Mayan religion was Polytheist, and they worshiped more than 165 Gods. The Gods were human-like. The Gods were born, grew up and died. Gods would do other human like activity that was deemed acceptable behavior.
The Maya have lived in Central America for many centuries. They are one of the many Precolumbian native peoples of Mesoamerica . In the past and today they occupy Guatemala, adjacent portions of Chiapas and Tabasco, the whole of the Yucatan Peninsula, Belize, and the western edges of Honduras and Salvador.
The Maya Military Members of the highest ruling class often were military and spiritual leaders of the cities and their capture during battles was a key element of military strategy. It is believed that many of the cities, especially the larger ones, had large, well-trained armies available for attack and defense.
Blood was viewed as a potent source of nourishment for the Maya deities, and the sacrifice of a living creature was a powerful blood offering. By extension, the sacrifice of a human life was the ultimate offering of blood to the gods, and the most important Maya rituals culminated in human sacrifice .
The ancient Maya never used coins as money . Instead, like many early civilizations, they were thought to mostly barter, trading items such as tobacco, maize, and clothing.
Maya is a female name with multiple meanings: In Sanskrit Māyā means “illusion or magic”, and is also an alternate name of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi.
Families lived in great cities like Yax Mutal and Palenque, and also in surrounding farmland. Adults worked as farmers, warriors, hunters, builders, teachers and many other things. Children from noble families could learn maths, science, writing and astronomy, but poorer children were only taught their parents’ jobs.