The people who are known as the ‘ Aztecs’ and ‘Maya ‘ live in Mexico and Central America today, and lived in the same areas in the past. The Aztec political centre was present-day Mexico City and the land around it. This is where the Aztec Empire was based. Unlike the Aztecs , the Maya were never an empire.
In short, the Maya came first, and settled in modern-day Mexico. Next came the Olmecs , who also settled Mexico. They didn’t build any major cities, but they were widespread and prosperous. They were followed by the Inca in modern-day Peru, and finally the Aztecs, also in modern-day Mexico.
No, not if by “the Aztecs ” we mean the Aztec Empire, before the Spaniards came. There were Aztec garrisons on the Maya frontier, and very likely plans to attack.
By 1521 the Spanish had conquered the Aztecs . They tore down much of the city of Tenochtitlan and built their own city on the site called Mexico City. The Maya civilization began as early as 2000 BC and continued to have a strong presence in Mesoamerica for over 3000 years until the Spanish arrived in 1519 AD.
Both the Maya and Aztecs controlled regions of what is now Mexico. The Aztecs led a more brutal , warlike lifestyle, with frequent human sacrifices, whereas the Maya favoured scientific endeavours such as mapping the stars.
The Aztecs were Nahuatl-speaking people who lived in central Mexico in the 14th to 16th centuries. The Maya people lived in southern Mexico and northern Central America — a wide territory that includes the entire Yucatán Peninsula — from as early as 2600 BC. The civilization’s height was between 250 and 900 AD.
Aztec , self name Culhua-Mexica, Nahuatl-speaking people who in the 15th and early 16th centuries ruled a large empire in what is now central and southern Mexico . The Aztecs are so called from Aztlán (“White Land”), an allusion to their origins, probably in northern Mexico .
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
According to the author, Yuval Noah Harari, the Aztecs and Incas had no knowledge of each other. Even though both empires existed on the same continent. Since the Incas were not aware of the Aztec empire, they had no idea what the Spanish were up to or capable of.
The Aztecs sacrificed human beings atop their sacred pyramids not simply for religious reasons but because they had to eat people to obtain protein needed in their diet, a New York anthropologist has suggested.
It was but one part of the brutal nature of life in the Aztec empire, in which activities which would today be regarded as torture or self-mutilation were prevalent. Some brutality was ritualistic, some was part of military training, and some was demonstrative, a presentation to others of courage and endurance.
The Aztecs did not exactly have cemeteries: the ashes of the dead were buried near a temple, in the countryside or on the peak of a mountain where the dead person was accustomed to offering his sacrifices. The ashes of the nobles, placed inside a coffer, were deposited in the towers that crowned the temples.
Do The Maya Still Exist ? Descendants of the Maya still live in Central America in modern-day Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and parts of Mexico. The majority of them live in Guatemala, which is home to Tikal National Park, the site of the ruins of the ancient city of Tikal.
During the siege, around 100 Spaniards lost their lives compared to as many as 100,000 Aztec .