The Maya were native people of Mexico and Central America, while Aztec covered most of northern Mesoamerica between c. 1345 and 1521 CE, whereas Inca flourished in ancient Peru between c. 1400 and 1533 CE and extended across western South America.
The Aztecs led a more brutal, warlike lifestyle, with frequent human sacrifices, whereas the Maya favoured scientific endeavours such as mapping the stars. The Inca were based much further south in the Andean region (home to modern-day Peru and Chile) and were accomplished builders.
In short, the Maya came first, and settled in modern-day Mexico. Next came the Olmecs , who also settled Mexico. They didn’t build any major cities, but they were widespread and prosperous. They were followed by the Inca in modern-day Peru, and finally the Aztecs , also in modern-day Mexico.
Though the Aztecs in Mexico and the Incas in Peru built empires at much the same time, it seems they never knew of each other’s existence.
There were Aztec garrisons on the Maya frontier, and very likely plans to attack. But then the Aztecs themselves were attacked – by the Spaniards. However, if by “the Aztecs ” we can include surviving warriors from the regions of Mexico that were part of the Aztec Empire, then the answer is yes.
There is a degree of overlap between all of them. The Aztecs were still present as well as Incas in the 1500s. The Mayans still exist today, however they left their cities long before we showed up. The archaeological record has some very odd things to point out however.
The Aztecs were Nahuatl-speaking people who lived in central Mexico in the 14th to 16th centuries. The Maya people lived in southern Mexico and northern Central America — a wide territory that includes the entire Yucatán Peninsula — from as early as 2600 BC. The civilization’s height was between 250 and 900 AD.
Another reason the Aztecs were more powerful and advanced than the Incas was because of their maintenance in power. The Aztecs were in existence from 1345 to 1521 while the Inca civilization was shortly lived between 1438 to 1532. First off, the Aztecs rule the empire a lot more than the Incas ruled their empire.
Qhapaq hucha was the Inca practice of human sacrifice , mainly using children. The Incas performed child sacrifices during or after important events, such as the death of the Sapa Inca (emperor) or during a famine. Children were selected as sacrificial victims as they were considered to be the purest of beings.
The Inca state was known as the Kingdom of Cuzco before 1438. However, shortly after the Inca Civil War, the last Sapa Inca (emperor) of the Inca Empire was captured and killed on the orders of the conquistador Francisco Pizarro, marking the beginning of Spanish rule.
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
Thupa Inca Yupanqui (also known as Topa Inca ), Pachacuti’s successor from 1471 CE, is credited with having expanded the empire by a massive 4,000 km (2,500 miles). The Incas themselves called their empire Tawantinsuyo (or Tahuantinsuyu) meaning ‘Land of the Four Quarters’ or ‘The Four Parts Together’.
Blood was viewed as a potent source of nourishment for the Maya deities, and the sacrifice of a living creature was a powerful blood offering. By extension, the sacrifice of a human life was the ultimate offering of blood to the gods, and the most important Maya rituals culminated in human sacrifice .
Invaders led by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés overthrew the Aztec Empire by force and captured Tenochtitlan in 1521, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great native civilization .