The Nazca Lines, pronounced /naezk/, are a collection of geoglyphs that were carved into the ground in the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. People produced these depressions or shallow incisions in the desert floor between the years 500 BC and AD 500 by removing stones and leaving various colored soil exposed. They did this by making depressions in the desert floor.
Maria Reiche, a renowned archaeologist, developed various hypotheses on the formation of the lines. The Nazca constructed their lines using wooden posts that were tied together with rope. They placed the stakes in a line in order to use them as a guide. They were able to create exceedingly lengthy lines and forms by using this approach, which allowed them to repeat the procedure.
The majority of the lines, it is believed by scientists, were drawn by the Nasca people, who were at the height of their civilization from about 1 AD to 700 AD. Certain regions of the pampa have the appearance of a chalk board that has been heavily used, with lines that overlay one another and patterns that are cut through with straight lines that have both ancient and more recent roots.
The Nazca Lines have been organically maintained because to the dry environment of the region and the winds that blow sand out of the grooves that make up the lines. The archaeological site of Nazca was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in the year 1994.
The inhabitants of Nazca carved these patterns or designs into the ground of the Nazca Desert, which is located in the southern region of Peru.After making a large number of finds, researchers concluded that the Nazca people were responsible for the creation of these lines between 500 BCE and 500 CE.On the plateau, the climate contributed to the natural preservation of the lines by helping to keep them dry.
Research that was conducted more recently showed that the purpose of the Nazca Lines was connected to water, which is a precious commodity in the dry regions that are found in the Peruvian coastal plain.The geoglyphs were not employed as part of an irrigation system or as a guide to find water; rather, they were included in a ceremony that was performed to the gods in an effort to bring about much-needed rain.
Squatters provide the greatest danger to Peru’s historic and heritage sites, as the country’s Ministry of Culture claims to receive between 120 and 180 reports of unlawful encroachments every year. In the end, the Nazca Lines have succumbed to the same fate as so many other historical sites: they have been ruined by their own reputation.
The Nazca wanted to show their reverence for the natural world and pay homage to their gods, particularly those who controlled the weather, which was particularly important to the Nazca’s ability to practice successful agriculture in the dry plains of Peru. This may be the most obvious purpose of the lines.
The one that is the longest is more than 100 meters long. The enigma surrounding the Nazca Lines’ intended purpose contributes to the phenomenon’s allure as a tourist attraction. Erich von Däniken, a Swiss author, proposed the idea that they may have been used as landing strips for extraterrestrial beings in his best-selling book ″Chariots of the Gods?″ which was published in 1968.
According to research conducted by scholars, the Nasca people, who lived in the area from from 1 AD to 700 AD at the height of their civilization, were responsible for drawing the lines. It is possible that members of the Chavin and Paracas civilizations, who existed before the Nazca people, were also responsible for the creation of some of the geoglyphs.
Protective measures and administrative necessities The principal legal protection mechanisms for the Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana are Art. 36 of the National Constitution and Law No. 28296, General Law for National Cultural Heritage. The protected area borders are set by Resolution No.
Is it possible to observe the Lines using Google Maps? There is some evidence that the enigmatic Nazca Lines may be seen in the satellite view of Google Maps. Because the Zone in which the Lines are spread is so large, it is patently obvious that not all of the Figures can be seen at the same time.
The polychrome pottery of the Nazca civilization included at least 12 different hues of paint, making it a defining characteristic of the society. The transition from painting ceramics with post-fire resin to painting ceramics with slip before firing signified the end of the Paracas pottery style and the beginning of the Nazca pottery style.
Around 600 B.C. and 900 A.D. is when the ancient Maya metropolis of Tikal, which is located in what is now Guatemala, was at its peak of prosperity. It was originally a small collection of hamlets, but it eventually grew into a powerful Maya city-state that was home to more than a dozen important pyramids.