The Spanish triumphed, the final Inca emperor, Atahualpa, was put to death, and the Inca Empire collapsed, bringing an end to the remaining vestiges of Inca resistance. One of the most significant military operations that took place during the Spanish colonization of the Americas was the conquest of the Inca Empire by the Spanish. This event is also referred to as the Conquest of Peru.
Along with a centralized religion and language, well-developed agricultural and highway infrastructure were also crucial in the state’s ability to remain unified. The Inca, despite their might, were swiftly defeated by the illnesses and better armament of the Spanish invaders. The final stronghold of their enormous empire was conquered in the year 1572.
THE VICTORY OVER THE INCAS In the year 1532, Francisco Pizarro and a group of other Spanish conquistadors discovered the Inca Empire. During the Age of Exploration, Pizarro was a Spanish conqueror who followed in the footsteps of earlier explorers such as Christopher Columbus and Hernan Cortes. Pizarro was also a pioneer in the conquest of Peru.
The Spanish explorer and conqueror Francisco Pizarro lays a trap on the Inca ruler, Atahualpa, on November 16, 1532. Pizarro, who had fewer than 200 soldiers to fight several thousand, enticed Atahualpa to a feast held in the emperor’s honor and then opened fire on the unarmed Incans. Atahualpa was killed in the ensuing battle.
The Inca were able to field vast armies that numbered in the tens or hundreds of thousands and were led by skillful generals and veteran troops. The Spanish were vastly outnumbered by their adversaries, but with to their horses, armor, and weaponry, they were able to gain an advantage that was insurmountable for their foes.
The Spanish were successful in their conquest of North and South America not only due to their possession of horses, dogs, firearms, and swords, but also due to the fact that they carried viruses with them that caused many native Americans to get ill. Native Americans had never been exposed to diseases such as measles or smallpox; as a result, they lacked immunity to these conditions.
It is the year 1532, and a group of conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro are making their way through the Andes in order to capture the Inca Empire.
Any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, particularly in the 16th century in Mexico and Peru, is referred to as a conquistador. The word ″conquistador″ comes from the Spanish word ″conquista,″ which means ″conqueror.″
There had been a lot of attempts made by the Inca to win back their empire, but none of them had been successful. Therefore, the Spanish invasion was accomplished by the use of unrelenting force and deception, with the assistance of elements such as the spread of smallpox and a significant gap in communication and cultural norms.
A few years after the death of Atahualpa and the securing of Inca lands for the Spanish empire, the conquest expanded into the country located to the north of the Andes, which is now comprised of the countries of Colombia and Venezuela.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
Hernán Cortés and a small band of soldiers were able to bring down the Aztec empire in Mexico between the years 1519 and 1521. Francisco Pizarro and his troops were able to bring down the Inca empire in Peru between the years 1532 and 1533. These victories created the groundwork for the colonial governments that would go on to radically alter the American continent.