Despite the fact that the office of strategos was established as early as the 6th century BC in its most renowned attestation, in Classical Athens, it was not until Cleisthenes’ reforms in 501 BC that it took on its most recognized form: Cleisthenes established a council of 10 strategoi, each of whom was elected once a year, one from each tribe (phyle)
If a stratgos dies or is removed from office, a byelection may be conducted to elect a replacement to serve out the balance of the calendar year. After 450, the initial rule that one strategos was elected from each phyle was modified in some way: it is known that one phyle furnished two strategoi at the same time over a period of many years during this period.
Strategos was the title given to the commander of a Greek army; in modern times, we may refer to them as ″generals.″ In a hoplite fight, he would be in the first rank of the phalanx, which was the initial line of defense. Each year in democratic Athens, 10 generals were elected to serve under the supreme leadership of the polemarch (″war commander″), who was elected by the people.
Politically, the military generals in Athens had a significant influence in the city’s development and development Each year, ten generals were elected, one from each tribe, and there was no limit to the number of times they might be reelected. This crucial security job necessitated extensive military experience, and a general who had shown himself in war was likely to keep his position.
Strategus, plural Strategi, Greek Stratgos, plural Stratgoi, in ancient Greece, a commander who frequently served as a state officer with broader responsibilities; in medieval Byzantium, a senior official who served in a similar capacity.
A trireme (/trarim/ TRY-reem; derived from Latin: trirmis ‘with three banks of oars’; ‘trirs, literally ‘three-rower’) is a rowing boat with three banks of oars. The galleon was an ancient vessel and a sort of galley that was used by the ancient maritime civilizations of the Mediterranean Sea, particularly the Phoenicians, ancient Greeks, and Romans, to transport goods.
Ostracism was a practice used in ancient Athens that allowed any citizen, including political leaders, to be exiled from the city-state for a period of ten years at a time. Once a year, ancient Athenian citizens would select those who they believed harmed democracy—either because of political disagreements, dishonesty, or simply plain dislike—and why they believed they did so.
Throughout the history of the Spartan state, the number of helots in ratio to Spartan citizens fluctuated; according to Herodotus, there were seven helots for every Spartan at the time of the Battle of Plataea in 479 BC.
Let’s embark on a mental journey together, and I’ll take you to the exact moment that Greece received its name from the goddess Athena. It was once upon a time. Athena, the Greek goddess of knowledge, and her uncle Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea, were engaged in a battle for the protection and name of their favorite city.
Within the Parthenon, a continuous low-relief frieze runs around the top of the outer cella wall, most likely depicting the Panathenaic procession of people who came to honor Athena.
Athenian statesman Cleisthenes of Athens, often written Clisthenes, (born about 570 bce—died circa 508), who served as chief archon (highest magistrate) of Athens (525–524) and is widely considered the foundation of Athenian democracy.
There was a Greek siege of Troy at the core of it all, and we all know how it ended: with a big wooden horse and a swarm of foolish Trojans. Did it happen, or didn’t it? Actually, historians are nearly unified in their conclusion that the Trojan Horse was a fable, but Troy was unquestionably a genuine place.
The most significant distinction between Athens and Sparta is the nature of their governments, economies, and societies.Athenian civilization, which was centered on trade and placed a high emphasis on art and culture, was governed by a kind of democracy and had a long history.However, Spartan culture was a militaristic society whose economy was built on farming and conquest rather than on the production of goods.
Who was victorious in the Trojan War? The Greeks were victorious in the Trojan War. As told by the Roman epic poet Virgil, the Trojans were vanquished when the Greeks left behind a giant wooden horse and appeared to be sailing back to their homeland. The Trojans were completely unaware that the wooden horse was brimming with Greek fighters.