At the Battle of Cajamarca, Francisco Pizarro and the Spanish conquerors were responsible for the deaths of 7000 Inca warriors. They suffered no losses among their own soldiers. The decisive win that Pizarro enjoyed against the
Researchers have determined that the Inca Empire had a population of more than 16 million people at its peak.
|Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire|
|Casualties and losses|
|Unknown||7,700,000 indigenous deaths from 1533 to 1572 of typhus and smallpox epidemics (600,000 survived)|
The transmission of illness The most common causes of mortality among the Inca population were influenza and smallpox, and both diseases did not discriminate between the nobility and the common people; they struck both.
It is commonly believed that the smallpox virus was responsible for the death of Inca Huayna Capac, as well as the massive demographic disaster that befell Ancient Peru (Tawantinsuyu).
The Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro were responsible for the death of Atahuallpa, the 13th and final emperor of the Inca empire. He was strangled to death. The execution of Atahuallpa, the last free ruling monarch, brought an end to the Inca civilisation after it had existed for three hundred years.
The rapid spread of the smallpox epidemic over the Inca dominion was a contributing factor in the Spanish conquest of what was a huge and well developed Inca Empire.
The Incas were said to have been ″terrified″ when they heard ″the shooting of the cannons and at the horses″ (p. 70) because none of these things were familiar to them; neither had they ever seen horses. Diamond asserts that ″the superior armaments of the Spaniards would have secured an ultimate triumph for the Spanish.″ [Citation needed] (p. 66).
Peasants living in the Andes today who communicate in Quechua and make up around 45 percent of Peru’s total population are believed to be direct descendants of the Inca. They employ basic, age-old technologies in conjunction with their agricultural and herding practices.
However, less than two centuries later, their civilization was extinct because they were victims of what is often considered to be the cruellest incident in the history of Spanish colonial history. In the year 1532, the conquistadors first landed in the New World, led by Francisco Pizarro. They were successful in capturing the Inca leader Atahualpa, and a year later they put him to death.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
In the past, the successful conquest of the Mexican Aztec and Peruvian Inca empires by a handful of Spanish conquistadors led by Hernando Cortes and Francisco Pizarro, respectively, resulted in large part from epidemics of smallpox and measles virus infection that decimated the native defenders. These epidemics occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries.
The Inca king Huayna Capac, along with 200,000 of his subjects, are put to death, which has the effect of weakening the Incan Empire. It is possible that historic records do not include accurate death toll figures; nonetheless, it is assumed that between 20 and 25 percent of the local people perished.
The Inca did participate in commerce, but only with people from other cultures; they did not trade among themselves.It’s possible that the Inca’s peculiar approach to taxation was the key to their enormous wealth.Every single Inca was obligated to work for the state in place of paying monetary taxes to the government.In exchange for their work, they were provided with the things that were essential to their survival.
Atahuallpa, also spelled Atahualpa, was the 13th and last Inca emperor. He was born around the year 1502 and died on August 29, 1533 in Cajamarca, which was then the capital of the Inca empire. Atahuallpa was victorious in a devastating civil war with his half brother, only to be captured by Francisco Pizarro, held for ransom, and then executed by Pizarro.
Atahualpa emerged triumphant from the deadly civil war that raged throughout the Empire for a period of four years, ending in 1532.It was at this precise moment, when the Empire was in ruins, that Pizarro and his men showed up: they were able to defeat the weakened Inca armies and exploit the social rifts that had caused the war in the first place.Pizarro and his men were able to exploit the social rifts that had caused the war in the first place.
In Inca theology, the sun deity was known as Inti, who was also referred to as Apu-punchau. The Incas thought that Inti was their ancestor. The worship of Inti, who was placed at the head of the state religion by the Inca, was mandatory across their whole kingdom.