No less than 200 gods and goddesses, split into three distinct categories, have been found by academics researching the religion of the Aztecs (also known as the Mexica). Each group is responsible for monitoring a different facet of the cosmos, including the heavens or the sky, the precipitation, fertility, and agriculture, and lastly, conflict and the offering of lives.
The Aztec culture had a vast pantheon, which consisted of hundreds of gods and goddesses that were revered by the people of that time and place. Because farming was such an important part of this society, many of these gods had agricultural themes. Additionally respected were many components of nature, as well as heroes and ancestors.
Many of the leading deities of the Aztec pantheon were worshipped by other Mesoamerican civilizations in the past. These gods, such as Tlaloc, Quetzalcoatl, and Tezcatlipoca, were honored by different names throughout the majority of Mesoamerican nations throughout the history of the region.
Learn more about the mythology of the Aztecs by clicking >> here. Aztec Sun Gods were highly significant to the Aztec people, and Aztec mythology related the account that the sun gods battled with the stars each night to bring a new day. Each year, the Aztec people offered a human sacrifice to the Aztec Sun God. Find out more about the Aztec Sun God by clicking >> here.
The Aztecs adhered to a polytheistic set of beliefs, and as a result, their rich mythology was connected to a number of different deities. Large temples were built specifically for the worship of certain of these gods because they were considered to be more powerful than the others. Learn more about the mythology of the Aztecs by clicking >> here.
It is often believed that Huitzilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl, Tezcatlipoca, and Xipe Totec are the four primary gods of the Aztec religion. These gods were Ometecuhtli’s offspring; they were his progeny.
Tlaloc, the rain deity, Huitzilopochtli, patron of the Mexica tribe, Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent and god of wind and learning, and Tezcatlipoca, the cunning and elusive god of fate and fortune, were among the most significant gods in Aztec religion. Tezcatlipoca was also associated with the use of magic and warfare.
When the gods built creation out of Cipactli’s body, the Thirteen Heavens were produced out of its head. Tlalt’cpac, the earth, was made from its middle, and the nine levels of the underworld (Mictlan) were formed out of its tail. Both of these concepts may be found in Aztec mythology.
The ancient Greek religion was founded on the idea that Mount Olympus in Greece was home to a pantheon of twelve gods and goddesses who presided over the cosmos from their thrones there.
|Ethnic group||Aztec, (Mexica)|
|Parents||Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl (Codex Zumarraga)Mixcoatl and Coatlicue (Codex Florentine)|
Huitzilopochtli was the most terrifying and powerful of the Aztec gods. He was the god of battle, the sun, and sacrifice. Huitzilopochtli was also known as the ″Lord of the Underworld.″ Additionally, he was revered as the protector deity of Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital city.
Nahuatl was the language of the Aztecs, whereas Maya was spoken by the Mayans. Even their titles for God were distinct from one another. The Maya referred to him as Kukulcan, while the Aztecs dubbed him Quetzalcoatl.
In ancient Mesoamerica, one of the most honored deities was known as Quetzalcoatl, also known as the Aztec Dragon. This feathered serpent was a strong hybrid of a bird and a rattlesnake, and its talons were embedded in every aspect of Aztec civilization. He was responsible for the organization of the first universe and participated in the creation of humans.
At least 166 different gods and goddesses were recognized by the Maya, making their pantheon one of the most extensive in the world. This is due, in part, to the fact that each of the gods has several facets.
Mictlantecuhtli, the Aztec deity of the dead, is typically depicted as having the visage of a skull. Together with his wife Mictecahuatl, he controlled the realm of Mictlan, also known as the underworld.