Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
The Spanish had access to more sophisticated weapons, which aided in their victory against the Aztecs. Additionally, the Spanish encouraged Aztec’s adversaries to participate in the conflict. In addition, a significant number of Aztecs succumbed to smallpox. The Incas were a native people that lived in South America. They were called ″indigenous.″
The Spanish conquistadors besieged Tenochtitlán beginning on May 22, 1521 and continuing until August 13, 1521, a total of 93 days. This was accomplished through an alliance with approximately 200,000 indigenous warriors from city-states, particularly the Tlaxcala and Cempoala (groups who had resented the Aztecs and Mexicas and wanted to see them vanquished).
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
In Europe, a time of discovery and adventure did not get underway until the latter half of the 15th century. Christopher Columbus made the initial discovery of the islands that would later become the Bahamas in the year 1492. This event is considered to be the starting point of Spain’s conquest of the Americas.
Poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain made up the majority of Spanish conquistadors. They were able to conquer the vast empires of the New World with the assistance of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful weaponry.
Any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, particularly in the 16th century in Mexico and Peru, is referred to as a conquistador. The word ″conquistador″ comes from the Spanish word ″conquista,″ which means ″conqueror.″
In the search for wealth, glory, and territory, thousands of men made the journey to the New World. These warriors traveled throughout the New World for two centuries, subjugating whatever indigenous populations they came across in the name of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain (and the hope of gold). They eventually became renowned as the conquistadors throughout history.
And by the year 1428, Itzcoatl, also known as ″Obsidian Snake,″ the emperor of the Aztecs, together with Tlacaelel, his principal adviser, led the Aztecs to victory against their former friends and oppressors. The Aztecs built a dominion in the 15th century that eventually included the majority of what is now Mexico under the leadership of a series of ambitious rulers who ruled over them.
On June 30, 1520, Spanish soldiers led by the explorer Hernán Cortés were forced to flee Tenochtitlan after the Aztecs rose up in rebellion against their dominion. The retreat was bloody and expensive.