Overpopulation, environmental deterioration, conflict, shifting trade routes, and protracted drought are only few of the possible contributing factors that may have led to the collapse of the Maya civilisation in the southern lowlands.Scholars have also proposed a variety of other possible explanations.It is quite likely that the collapse was caused by a multifaceted confluence of several variables.
Around one thousand years ago, a massive drought that swept throughout Mexico was the precipitating factor that led to the collapse of one of the oldest and most advanced civilizations in the world.According to the findings of researchers who investigated the climate that prevailed during the period of the ancient Maya, precipitation levels dropped by as much as 70 percent at the same time that the region’s city states were deserted.
Something unknown occurred before the end of the eighth century and continued until the beginning of the ninth century, during which time it shook the Maya civilization to its very core. By the year 900 A.D., all of the Classic towns that were located in the southern lowlands had been deserted, which meant that the Maya civilisation in that area had come to an end.
Although the Mayan people never went extinct entirely, their descendants can still be found living all over Central America, the Mayan core urban areas in the lowlands of the Yucatan peninsula, such as Tikal, went from thriving cities to deserted ruins over the course of approximately one hundred years. Tikal was one of these cities.
There was a continuation of autonomous Maya culture until 1697, when the Spanish invaded Nojpeten, which was the final independent city-state. There are still millions of Maya people living on the Yucatán peninsula in modern day.
The fact that Maya culture and civilization were so powerful that they were able to govern Mesoamerica for such a long period of time—more than three thousand years—is evidence of this.
The Maya are currently estimated to have a population of around six million people, making them the biggest single group of indigenous peoples found north of Peru. Mexico is home to many of the most populous Maya communities, the most notable of which being the Yucatecs (with an estimated population of 300,000), the Tzotzil (120,000), and the Tzeltal (80,000).
Since at least 1800 B.C., the Maya have inhabited Central America and the Yucatán Peninsula, where they have thrived for thousands of years and have called their home for centuries. Numerous research have concluded that the Maya civilisation fell into disrepair between the years 800 and 1000 AD.
There is a possibility that the collapse of the Maya civilization in the southern lowlands was caused by a combination of all three of these factors: overpopulation and abuse of the land, chronic warfare, and drought.
The Maya were a race of people that had dark complexion, dark eyes, and straight black hair; yet, the Maya believed that what made a person physically attractive was not the way in which they were born but rather a long sloping forehead and slightly crossed eyes.
The Aztecs, now headed by Cuauhtemoc, ultimately capitulated after 93 days of struggle on the fatal day of August 13, 1521 CE. They had run out of food and were being devastated by the smallpox illness, which had been introduced to the Aztecs by one of the Spaniards previously. The city of Tenochtitlan was pillaged, and its monuments were obliterated.
On the Maya boundary, the Aztecs had garrisons, and it is most likely that they had offensive intentions. But soon the Aztecs too came under attack, this time at the hands of the Spaniards. However, if we may include surviving warriors from parts of Mexico that were formerly a part of the Aztec Empire in our definition of ″the Aztecs,″ then the answer is yes.