There are several Mayan ruins in El Salvador , some as large as those you would expect to find throughout Guatemala and Mexico, except the distances between them are short and can easily be accomplished in a day’s time. Three of the ruins I recommend to visit are Joya de Cerén, Tazumal and San Andres.
Some say they were Mayan, others say they were Aztec. However, it is known that the Olmecs lived and traded in the western provinces in about 2000 BC, as evidenced by the archaeological sites which include stepped-pyramid temples, ball courts and paved plazas.
El Salvador has two Maya groups, the Poqomam people and the Ch’orti’ people. The Poqomam are a Maya people in western El Salvador near its border. Their indigenous language is also called Poqomam.
The ruins of Tazumal are considered the most important and best preserved in El Salvador. The artifacts found at Tazumal provide evidence of ancient and active trade between Tazumal and places as far away as Panama and Mexico.
El Salvador ‘s population numbers 6.1 million. Ethnically, 86.3% of Salvadorans are mixed (mixed Native Salvadoran and European (mostly Spanish) origin). Another 12.7% is of pure European descent, 1% are of pure indigenous descent, 0.16% are black and others are 0.64%.
Salvadoran Óscar Romero. 15 August 1917. Archbishop of San Salvador . José Napoleón Duarte. 23 November 1925. Salvadoran Political figure. Mauricio Funes. 18 October 1959. Roque Dalton. 14 May 1935. Francisco Flores Pérez. 17 October 1959. Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán. 1801 AD. Claudia Lars. 20 December 1899. Luis Flores. 08 July 1993.
As of 2010 , there are 2,195,477 Salvadoran Americans in the United States, the fourth-largest Hispanic community by nation of ancestry. According to the Census Bureau, in 2016 Salvadorans made up 3.8% of the total Hispanic population in the US.
The fourteen families “las catorce familias” is a reference to the oligarchy which controlled most of the land and wealth in El Salvador during the 19th and 20th centuries with names including de Sola, Llach, Hill, Meza-Ayau, Duenas, Dalton, Guerrero, Regalado, Quinonez, and Salaverria.
According to the National Salvadoran Indigenous Coordination Council (CCNIS) and CONCULTURA (National Council for Art and Culture at the Ministry of Education ), approximately 600,000 or 10 per cent of Salvadorian peoples are indigenous . The majority of the El Salvador indigenous population is Nahua-Pipil.
|Republic of El Salvador República de El Salvador (Spanish)|
|• Declared from Spain||15 September 1821|
|• Declared from the Federal Republic of Central America||12 June 1824|
|• International recognition||18 February 1841|
While Chicano is a label that traditionally has been associated with Mexican-Americans , Hipolito-Delgado points out that it may be more accurately associated with social and political activism. “I have white friends and Salvadoran friends who consider themselves Chicanos ,” he said.
Gangs and violence Gangs contribute to the generally high levels of social violence in El Salvador . They engage in various serious criminal acts which terrorize and paralyze society. Homicide and extortion are the most publicized crimes.
Carlos Slim Helú