El Castillo is also known as the Temple of Kukulcan, and is an incredible structure that was built by the Maya civilization at some point between the 9th and 12th centuries. El Castillo was built to serve as a temple to the god Kukulcan. The god was a Yucatec Maya Feathered Serpent deity.
El Castillo , also known as the Temple of Kukulcan, is a Mesoamerican step-pyramid built by the Maya civilisation in around 1000 AD. The pyramids consist of intricate carved stone in a stair-stepped design, topped with a flat platform upon which a smaller temple was constructed to honour a particular Maya deity.
The Pyramid of Kukulcan or Kukulkan (also known as El Castillo, a name given by the Spanish Conquistadors) is the centre of Chich’en Itza , it was built over a preexisting temple between 800 and 900 CE. It is the biggest pyramid in Chich’en Itza ; at its base 53.3 meters wide on all four sides.
The older pyramid inside El Castillo has a red jaguar throne with inlaid eyes and spots of jade; also lying behind the screen is a chac-mool (Maya sacrificial stone sculpture). The entrance to El Túnel, the passage up to the throne, is at the base of El Castillo’s north side. You can ‘t go in, though.
The losers were not sacrificed—at least not all the time. If that were the case, the Maya civilization would have decimated itself fairly quickly. The winners of the war also won the ball game , after which the losers were then sacrificed, either by decapitation or removal of the heart.
The Maya used stucco plaster to create large masks and portraits of both the gods and the kings.
The Maya pyramids are structures built in the jungles of Central America by the Maya civilization between 200 and 900 AD. Finally, inside some of the pyramids , there were burial chambers for the highest-ranking officials, just as in Egyptian pyramids .
The Maya civilization is famous for its architecture. Many city-states built large palaces, pyramids, and other public buildings that are still standing today. The buildings were covered with carvings and statues to honor their gods as well as to commemorate their kings.
Kukulkan is the feathered serpent deity of the Mayan people. Kukulkan is often associated with – and might be the same deity as – the Aztec Quetzalcoatl . Kukulkan is associated with rulership, agriculture, language, the sky, and earthquakes.
Kukulkan headed a pantheon of deities of mixed Maya and non- Maya provenance, used to promote the Itza political and commercial agenda. It also eased the passage of Itza merchants into central Mexico and other non- Maya areas, promoting the Itza economy.
Further excavations revealed that it had nine platforms, a single stairway, and a temple containing human remains, a jade-studded jaguar throne, and a so-called Chac Mool. The Chac Mool is a type of Maya sculpture of an abstract male figure reclining and holding a bowl used as a receptacle for sacrifices.
You are no longer able to climb the ruins at Chichen Itza and have not been able to for several years now. You are still able to climb Coba and Ek Balam, both of which are only partially excavated/restored and well worth visiting. Its been years since you could climb the ruins at either Chichen or Tulum.
El Castillo de Huarmey was excavated in secret over the course of several months in 2013 to prevent looting. In January 2010, Giersz’s team located what appeared to be a subterranean tomb using aerial photographs and geophysical imaging tools on a ridge between two other pyramids.