Reason: The brilliant ruins of Chichén Itzá evidence a dazzling ancient city that once centered the Maya empire in Central America. The stepped pyramids, temples, columned arcades, and other stone structures of Chichén Itzá were sacred to the Maya and a sophisticated urban center of their empire from A.D. 750 to 1200.
Every visitor to Cozumel should visit Chichen Itza , Tulum , or Coba Mayan ruins at least once on their vacation. This is something truly unique to this region, and the stories that these ruins tell will move you. Chichen Itza Tours The most famous Mayan Ruins site.
The name Chichen Itza is a Mayan language term for “at the mouth of the well of the Itza .” The Itza were an ethnic group of Mayans who had risen to power in the northern part of the Yucatan peninsula, where the city is located. This easy access to water made the location perfect for a city the size of Chichen Itza .
Chichén was founded about the 6th century ce, presumably by Maya peoples of the Yucatán Peninsula who had occupied the region since the Pre-Classic, or Formative, Period (1500 bce–300 ce).
Do The Maya Still Exist ? Descendants of the Maya still live in Central America in modern-day Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and parts of Mexico. The majority of them live in Guatemala, which is home to Tikal National Park, the site of the ruins of the ancient city of Tikal.
Of the original Seven Wonders of the World , only the Great Pyramids of Giza remain. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Temple of Artemis, the Colossus of Rhodes have all faded to dust and memory. These, instead, are seven wonders for our time.
Known as a diver’s paradise, Cozumel is considered safe for visitors, since most of the recent drug-related violence has been in cities along the border. The U.S. Department of State’s travel warnings specify cities such as Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez as places American citizens should avoid.
Our travel agent told us that you can climb and walk on the Tulum Ruins . As opposed to Chichen Itza, you no longer can walk and climb on it during the tour. Go to Coba about 45 minutes driving time to the west of Tulum .
about 125 miles
Archaeologists hunting for a sacred well beneath the ancient Maya city of Chichén Itzá on Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula have accidentally discovered a trove of more than 150 ritual objects—untouched for more than a thousand years—in a series of cave chambers that may hold clues to the rise and fall of the ancient Maya.
Further excavations revealed that it had nine platforms, a single stairway, and a temple containing human remains, a jade-studded jaguar throne, and a so-called Chac Mool. The Chac Mool is a type of Maya sculpture of an abstract male figure reclining and holding a bowl used as a receptacle for sacrifices.
Researchers announced the discovery Wednesday of a pyramid 10 meters tall (33 feet) inside two other structures that make up the pyramid also known as El Castillo , or the Castle. Earlier excavations in the 1930s had already revealed one structure inside the pyramid containing a red jaguar throne studded with jade.
Genetic/genomic expressions do not change in such a brief period of time, therefore, all evidence suggest that the short stature of the Maya is due to a combination of environmental and epigenetic factors.
Why was Chichen Itza built ? At its height, Chichen Itza was home to Mayan people from all areas of the Yucatan Peninsula. Historians believe that Chichen Itza was founded and rose to prominence due to its close proximity to the Xtoloc cenote, an underground source of fresh water.