Reason: The brilliant ruins of Chichén Itzá evidence a dazzling ancient city that once centered the Maya empire in Central America. The stepped pyramids, temples, columned arcades, and other stone structures of Chichén Itzá were sacred to the Maya and a sophisticated urban center of their empire from A.D. 750 to 1200.
Chichen Itza was a large Mayan city established in the fifth century BC in the central Yucatan. From its very beginning, Chichen Itza was a very important religious center. This is evidenced by the many large temples, elaborate burials, and many pyramids found at the site.
Archaeologists hunting for a sacred well beneath the ancient Maya city of Chichén Itzá on Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula have accidentally discovered a trove of more than 150 ritual objects—untouched for more than a thousand years—in a series of cave chambers that may hold clues to the rise and fall of the ancient Maya.
Chichen Itza is one of the “New 7 Wonders of the World” due to its large concentration of culturally-significant, ancient manmade wonders and its placing in the top 7 of all nominees during international voting. In 2000, the New7Wonders campaign set out to choose the New 7 Wonders of the World.
The main attraction and most identifiable is “El Castillo” or the castle which is 90 ft. tall. It has staircases on each side with 365 steps representing the number of days in a year. This pyramid was used for religious and astronomical observation purposes.
Our world is filled with the most unique structures that are both man-made and natural. At present, as chosen by the New7Wonders Foundation, the Seven Wonders of the World are the Taj Mahal , the Colosseum , the Chichen Itza , Machu Picchu , Christ the Redeemer , Petra, and the Great Wall of China .
Genetic/genomic expressions do not change in such a brief period of time, therefore, all evidence suggest that the short stature of the Maya is due to a combination of environmental and epigenetic factors.
The name Chichen Itza is a Mayan language term for “at the mouth of the well of the Itza .” The Itza were an ethnic group of Mayans who had risen to power in the northern part of the Yucatan peninsula, where the city is located. This easy access to water made the location perfect for a city the size of Chichen Itza .
Amongst the first Maya cities to gain prominence in the Early Classic period (250-600 CE), Tikal built its wealth by exploiting its natural resources and geographical location to become a Maya superpower, a status it also enjoyed in the 7th century CE when some of the site’s most impressive later monuments were
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
Explore the World’s Largest Underwater Cave January 17, 2018 – The world’s longest underwater cave has been discovered near the city of Tulum, on Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula. Hundreds of archaeological sites exist in the cave, including evidence of America’s first settlers, Mayan culture, and extinct animals.
The Mayan religion was Polytheist , and they worshiped more than 165 Gods. The Gods were human-like. The Gods were born, grew up and died.
Chichen Itza Entrace Fee The entrance fee at Chichen Itza is: $481 Pesos per adult, Kids under 13 years are admitted free. The entrance fee to the site is divided into two amounts, one being the state (culture) and the second being the federal (INAH).
The pick-up time depends on where you’re located, but in general expect about a 2 to 3 hour ride to Chichen Itza. Once there, you’ll have anywhere from 1 to 1.5 hours with a guide (presuming you go on a guided tour) plus approximately one-hour free time.