The Aztecs led a more brutal, warlike lifestyle, with frequent human sacrifices, whereas the Maya favoured scientific endeavours such as mapping the stars. The Inca were based much further south in the Andean region (home to modern-day Peru and Chile) and were accomplished builders.
In short, the Maya came first, and settled in modern-day Mexico. Next came the Olmecs , who also settled Mexico. They didn’t build any major cities, but they were widespread and prosperous. They were followed by the Inca in modern-day Peru, and finally the Aztecs, also in modern-day Mexico.
No, not if by “the Aztecs ” we mean the Aztec Empire, before the Spaniards came. There were Aztec garrisons on the Maya frontier, and very likely plans to attack.
Another reason the Aztecs were more powerful and advanced than the Incas was because of their maintenance in power. The Aztecs were in existence from 1345 to 1521 while the Inca civilization was shortly lived between 1438 to 1532. First off, the Aztecs rule the empire a lot more than the Incas ruled their empire.
According to the author, Yuval Noah Harari, the Aztecs and Incas had no knowledge of each other. Even though both empires existed on the same continent. Since the Incas were not aware of the Aztec empire, they had no idea what the Spanish were up to or capable of.
There is a degree of overlap between all of them. The Aztecs were still present as well as Incas in the 1500s. The Mayans still exist today, however they left their cities long before we showed up. The archaeological record has some very odd things to point out however.
Though the Aztecs in Mexico and the Incas in Peru built empires at much the same time, it seems they never knew of each other’s existence.
Although Nicaragua was far south of the large Mayan and Aztec civilizations, they did not completely miss out on their influence. The Spanish also found tribes speaking dialects of the Mayan and Aztec languages.
The Maya were native people of Mexico and Central America, while Aztec covered most of northern Mesoamerica between c. 1345 and 1521 CE, whereas Inca flourished in ancient Peru between c. 1400 and 1533 CE and extended across western South America.
The Aztecs sacrificed human beings atop their sacred pyramids not simply for religious reasons but because they had to eat people to obtain protein needed in their diet, a New York anthropologist has suggested.
It was but one part of the brutal nature of life in the Aztec empire, in which activities which would today be regarded as torture or self-mutilation were prevalent. Some brutality was ritualistic, some was part of military training, and some was demonstrative, a presentation to others of courage and endurance.
To scientists, it’s something more: evidence of the drought that is suspected to have led to the demise of the Mayan civilization. They found that the ratio of titanium to aluminum changed in the ninth and 10th centuries, a period when the Mayan civilization in the Yucatan Peninsula went into decline.
Qhapaq hucha was the Inca practice of human sacrifice , mainly using children. The Incas performed child sacrifices during or after important events, such as the death of the Sapa Inca (emperor) or during a famine. Children were selected as sacrificial victims as they were considered to be the purest of beings.
La Lone, in his work The Inca as a Nonmarket Economy, described the Inca economy as “feudal, slave, [and] socialist” and added “here one may choose between socialist paradise or socialist tyranny.” The Inca Empire functioned largely without money and without markets.
Their relatively sophisticated system of agriculture (including intensive cultivation of land and irrigation methods) and a powerful military tradition would enable the Aztecs to build a successful state, and later an empire.