The Maya were native people of Mexico and Central America, while Aztec covered most of northern Mesoamerica between c. 1345 and 1521 CE, whereas Inca flourished in ancient Peru between c. 1400 and 1533 CE and extended across western South America.
In short, the Maya came first, and settled in modern-day Mexico . Next came the Olmecs , who also settled Mexico . They didn’t build any major cities, but they were widespread and prosperous. They were followed by the Inca in modern-day Peru , and finally the Aztecs, also in modern-day Mexico .
No, not if by “the Aztecs ” we mean the Aztec Empire, before the Spaniards came. There were Aztec garrisons on the Maya frontier, and very likely plans to attack.
Both the Maya and Aztecs controlled regions of what is now Mexico. The Aztecs led a more brutal , warlike lifestyle, with frequent human sacrifices, whereas the Maya favoured scientific endeavours such as mapping the stars.
Aztec , self name Culhua-Mexica, Nahuatl-speaking people who in the 15th and early 16th centuries ruled a large empire in what is now central and southern Mexico . The Aztecs are so called from Aztlán (“White Land”), an allusion to their origins, probably in northern Mexico .
There is a degree of overlap between all of them. The Aztecs were still present as well as Incas in the 1500s. The Mayans still exist today, however they left their cities long before we showed up. The archaeological record has some very odd things to point out however.
According to the author, Yuval Noah Harari, the Aztecs and Incas had no knowledge of each other. Even though both empires existed on the same continent. Since the Incas were not aware of the Aztec empire, they had no idea what the Spanish were up to or capable of.
Although Nicaragua was far south of the large Mayan and Aztec civilizations, they did not completely miss out on their influence. The Spanish also found tribes speaking dialects of the Mayan and Aztec languages.
Egypt civilization appears to have begun about 4,000 to 3,500 B.C. in northern Africa, while the Mayan civilization appears to have arisen around 3300 B.C. in the Yucatan peninsula of North America, now modern Guatemala.
It was but one part of the brutal nature of life in the Aztec empire, in which activities which would today be regarded as torture or self-mutilation were prevalent. Some brutality was ritualistic, some was part of military training, and some was demonstrative, a presentation to others of courage and endurance.
The Aztecs sacrificed human beings atop their sacred pyramids not simply for religious reasons but because they had to eat people to obtain protein needed in their diet, a New York anthropologist has suggested.
The Aztecs did not exactly have cemeteries: the ashes of the dead were buried near a temple, in the countryside or on the peak of a mountain where the dead person was accustomed to offering his sacrifices. The ashes of the nobles, placed inside a coffer, were deposited in the towers that crowned the temples.
When the Aztecs sacrificed people to Huitzilopochtli (the god with warlike aspects) the victim would be placed on a sacrificial stone. The priest would then cut through the abdomen with an obsidian or flint blade. The heart would be torn out still beating and held towards the sky in honor to the Sun-God.
The Aztecs additionally had landless serfs and slaves . Serfs worked land that was owned by nobles and did not live in the calpulli. Individuals became slaves (tlacotin) as a form of punishment for certain crimes or for failure to pay tribute. Prisoners of war who were not used as human sacrifices became slaves .
There is universal agreement that some Mesoamerican people practiced human sacrifice and cannibalism , but there is no scholarly consensus as to its extent.