According to Pantheon, both the Maya and Aztecs credited Kukulcan/Quetzalcoatl with creating humankind, teaching them how to farm maize and acting as a god of fertility, wind, water, Venus and artistry.
The following are the most important of the 200 deities of the Aztec religion. Huitzilopochtli , Father of the Aztecs. Tlaloc, God of Rain and Storms. Tonatiuh, God of the Sun. Tezcatlipoca , God of Night. Chalchiuhtlicue. Centeotl, God of Maize. Quetzalcoatl , The Feathered Serpent. Xipe Totec, God of Fertility and Sacrifice.
One of the two stepbrothers of the Hero Twins (the other being Hun-Batz) he is depicted as a howler monkey. Along with his brother, he is the patron god of artists and writers. While Gucumatz was the most popular god, Hunab-Ku is considered the supreme deity of the pantheon of the Maya, known as `Sole God’.
Today Quetzalcoatl is arguably the best known Aztec deity, and is often thought to have been the principal Aztec god. Civilizations worshiping the Feathered Serpent included the Mixtec, Toltec, Aztec , who adopted it from the people of Teotihuacan, and the Maya.
Their tribute empire spread throughout Mesoamerica. The Maya people lived in southern Mexico and northern Central America — a wide territory that includes the entire Yucatán Peninsula — from as early as 2600 BC. Comparison chart.
|Today part of||Mexico||Mexico, Guatemala and Belize.|
In short, the Maya came first, and settled in modern-day Mexico. Next came the Olmecs, who also settled Mexico. They didn’t build any major cities, but they were widespread and prosperous. They were followed by the Inca in modern-day Peru, and finally the Aztecs, also in modern-day Mexico.
He was regarded as the god of winds and rain and as the creator of the world and mankind. In Central Mexico from 1200 CE he was also considered the patron god of priests and merchants and considered the god of learning, science, agriculture, crafts and the arts.
In Aztec culture To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates, a feathered serpent, a flying reptile (much like a dragon ), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. He was a creator deity having contributed essentially to the creation of mankind.
Quetzalcoatl emerged from the sun and flew around the world, feeling the beauty, feeling the freedom of life and love. As he looked down, he saw the cave where he had spent his whole life and thought about the other beings in the world who were suffering like he once did.
However, according to legendary accounts, Quetzalcoatl was banished from Tula after committing transgressions while under the influence of a rival. During his exile, he embarked upon an epic journey through southern Mexico, where he visited many independent kingdoms.