The Mayan economy was largely based on food and agriculture , this form is the same as the other earlier civil countries, like China and Egypt . Farming was the main labor resources, and usually consisted of men.
The ancient Maya never used coins as money . Instead, like many early civilizations, they were thought to mostly barter, trading items such as tobacco, maize, and clothing.
The Maya traded in a vast array of goods from across Mexico and Central America, including cotton, salt, jade, obsidian, cocoa, tropical bird feathers and slaves, Rissolo said.
Many people have a misconception that life for ancient Maya peasants was rough and poor , but this new evidence shows some Maya lived a very comfortable and prosperous “middle class” existence. Maya civilization thrived thousands of years ago in present-day Central America.
The Maya had a system of serfdom and slavery . Serfs typically worked lands that belonged to the ruler or local town leader. There was an active slave trade in the Maya region, and commoners and elites were both permitted to own slaves .
Two thousand years ago, the ancient Maya developed one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. They developed a written language of hieroglyphs and invented the mathematical concept of zero. With their expertise in astronomy and mathematics, the Maya developed a complex and accurate calendar system.
The Mayans and the Aztecs believed (and perhaps some people still do) that chocolate was a gift from the gods. The Aztecs in particular revered the drink – they gave it to victorious warriors after battle, would use it during religious rituals, and even used cacao beans as currency.
Most Maya today observe a religion composed of ancient Maya ideas, animism and Catholicism . Some Maya still believe, for example, that their village is the ceremonial centre of a world supported at its four corners by gods. When one of these gods shifts his burden, they believe, it causes an earthquake.
Mysterious Decline of the Maya From the late eighth through the end of the ninth century, something unknown happened to shake the Maya civilization to its foundations. One by one, the Classic cities in the southern lowlands were abandoned, and by A.D. 900, Maya civilization in that region had collapsed.
There is currently only one known archaeological example of a pre-Columbian Maya canoe. Murals and artifacts from Tikal and Chichen Itza depict Maya canoes and many model canoes have been found; including at Moho Cay and Altun Ha.
Cozumel – The Island of Ancient Mayan Civilizations and Natural Splendor. The population dwindled to a meager 30 people, leaving the ancient Mayan civilization in ruins. By 1600, these remaining inhabitants fled, leaving the island deserted until the 17th century, when it was discovered by pirates.
The Maya fertilized the fields with sediment and aquatic plants collected from the canals. This created a self-sustaining ecosystem. Maya farmers cleared the jungles using a slash and burn method and grew their major crops during the rainy season from May to October.
Archaeologists have discovered a monumental Mayan complex in southern Mexico, using laser scanners. It’s hoped the spectacular find will reveal surprising insights into a community that lived there 3,000 years ago.