Copán Ruins are located in western Honduras , in the department of Copán, just 14 kilometers from the El Florido border with Guatemala. For many years, Copán Ruins have been famous for its magnificent Mayan ruins , declared by UNESCO as Archaeological World Heritage Site in 1980.
Honduras has been inhabited by a number of indigenous peoples, the most powerful of which, until the ninth century CE, were the Maya . The western-central part of Honduras was inhabited by the Lenca while other indigenous peoples settled in the northeast and coastal regions.
Copán was a powerful city ruling a vast kingdom within the southern Maya area. The city suffered a major political disaster in AD 738 when Uaxaclajuun Ub’aah K’awiil, one of the greatest kings in Copán’s dynastic history, was captured and executed by his former vassal, the king of Quiriguá.
Discovered in 1570 by Diego García de Palacio, the Maya site of Copan is one of the most important sites of the Mayan civilization. It was also the political centre and cultural focus of a larger territory that covered the southeast portion of the Maya area and its periphery.
Tikal is a complex of Mayan ruins deep in the rainforests of northern Guatemala. Historians believe that the more than 3,000 structures on the site are the remains of a Mayan city called Yax Mutal, which was the capital of one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient empire.
Copán, Honduras : Maya altar Its central district covers 54 acres (22 hectares) and consists of stone temples, two large pyramids , several stairways and plazas, and a court for playing the ball game tlachtli (Mayan: pok-ta-pok).
Hondurans are the eighth-largest population of Hispanic origin living in the United States, accounting for 2% of the U.S. Hispanic population in 2017. Since 2000, the Honduran -origin population has increased 296%, growing from 237,000 to 940,000 over the period.
Honduras was already occupied by many indigenous peoples when the Spanish arrived in the 16th century. The western-central part of Honduras was inhabited by the Lencas , the central north coast by the Tol, the area east and west of Trujillo by the Pech (or Paya), the Maya and Sumo.
In Honduras there are partly large earthquakes with strengths of more than 7.0, which cause damages within a radius of over 100 kilometers. Measured by the size of the country, earthquakes do not occur very frequently.
Many hypotheses have been developed to explain the collapse of the southern Classic Maya polities between A.D. 790 and 950. They include environmental degradation, climate change, warfare, top-heavy political systems, and natural disasters (1, 2). The Copan Valley lies on the southeastern periphery of the Maya region.
The traditional named founder of Copán was actually K’inich Yax K’uk Mo ‘ (‘Great Sun Quetzal-Macaw’), who reigned from 426 CE to c. 437 CE and who was probably not himself from Copán but another Maya city, perhaps Tikal.
The Stairway , located on the west side of the temple-pyramid Structure 26, has the longest known Maya text inscription from ancient Mesoamerica, dating from the eighth century ce. The inscription tells the official history of Copán’s rulers and, as such, is of exceptional historic significance.
In the spring of 1992, University Museum excavators of the ancient Maya city of Copan made the remarkable discovery of an intact noble burial chamber. The burial, located in the city’s Acropolis, may prove to belong to one of Copan’s ákings.
Chichen Itza as a Capital Via its port at Isla Cerritos on the northern coast, Chichen Itza became an important commercial center, trading in goods—including gold and other treasures—with other cities throughout the Americas. At its height, it is believed that as many as 50,000 people lived in the city .
Palenque , ruined ancient Mayan city of the Late Classic Period (c. 600–900 ce) in what is now Chiapas state, Mexico, about 80 miles (130 km) south of Ciudad del Carmen. Its original name is speculative; the site now shares the name the Spanish gave to a neighbouring village.