They only wore breechcloths or short kilts. The Zuni women wore kneelength cotton dresses called mantas. A manta secured at a women’s right shoulder, leaving her left shoulder uncovered.
Since the early 19th century the Zuni have been known for making silver and turquoise jewelry, baskets, beadwork, animal fetishes, and pottery, all of very high quality. Many Zuni have chosen to adopt only some parts of modern American life and to maintain much of their traditional culture.
The Zuni have been known for making turquoise and silver jewelry, beadworks, baskets, and pottery. Pottery played a vital role in the Zuni community.
The current day Zuni are a Federally recognized tribe and most live in the Pueblo of Zuni on the Zuni River, a tributary of the Little Colorado River, in western New Mexico, United States.
1: a member of an American Indian people of western New Mexico. 2: the language of the Zuni people.
A majority of modern Zuni do also practice Roman Catholicism, but blend traditional ceremonies with the Catholic calendar. Traditional Zuni religion has three main deities: the Earth Mother, Sun Father, and Moonlight-Giving Mother.
The Zunis were expert farming people. They raised crops of corn, beans, and squash, as well as cotton and tobacco. Zuni men also hunted deer, antelope, and small game, while women gathered nuts, fruits, and herbs.
Archeologists believe Zuni history began well before 2500 B.C. when the tribe moved into the Southwest as big game hunters. Between 2500 B.C. and 700 A.D. the Zuni Indians made their first attempts at agriculture and hunted smaller game.
The commonly design jewelry around a stone’s natural shape. When Navajo do inlay, it is bolder than Zuni inlay and usually has silver between the inlaid pieces (called “channel inlay”). Their inlay tends to be more complex than Navajo, with more cuts and patterns. Most snake designs are done by the Zuni.
Rocks of Permian to Quaternary age supply stock, irrigation, and domestic water to the Zuni Indians. The Glorieta Sandstone and San Andres Limestone (Glorieta-San Andres aquifer) of Permian age and sandstones in the Chinle Formation of Triassic age provide most of this water supply.
Bear (Anshe) was the principal animal for the Pueblo People and they are the most prevalent subject of Zuni fetishes. Bear fetishes are used for healing, protection, strength, journeying, mothering, hunting and gathering. Bear’s hibernation reminds us of the value of going within.
Today the Zuni Pueblo, some 35 miles south of Gallup, New Mexico has a population of about 6,000. Archeological evidence shows they have lived in this location for about 1,300 years. Their tribal name is A’shiwi (Shi’wi), meaning “the flesh.” The name “Zuni” was a Spanish adaptation of a word of unknown meaning.
Take a guided tour to get you started on your visit to Zuni. Inquire at the visitors center about the tours. There are three types of tours offered: Old Mission and/or the historic Pueblo /Middle Village (the least expensive option)
The principal known Indian peoples who farmed extensively on the Great Plains when first discovered by European explorers were, from south to north, Caddoans in the Red River drainage, Wichita people along the Arkansas River, Pawnee in the Kansas River and Platte River drainages, and the Arikara, Mandan, and Hidatsa
ZUNI is not a valid scrabble word.