The subsistence pattern of the Southern Valley Yokuts focused on lake and river fishing with nets, basket traps, and spears, hunting waterfowl from tule rafts, and gathering shellfish and tule roots.
The most characteristic Yokuts dwelling was the mat-covered communal house inhabited by 10 families or more. In addition, they erected flat roofs on poles for shade. Clothing was simple: men wore loincloths or went naked, and women wore fringed aprons front and back.
For example, Yokuts houses, some hundreds of feet long and housing several families, were basically long tents made of woven tule grass. Poles with v-shaped forks on top were set upright in the ground in straight lines at intervals of 8 to 10 feet.
Although the Yowlumne and Tulumne Yokuts fished the rivers and lakes of the San Joaquin Valley all year long, and hunted deer, rabbit, racoons and other game in the marshes and grass lands, most of their food came from plants, particularly acorns, nuts, seeds, roots, and berries.
The Yokut used to set fire to the underbrush and then were able to collect great quantities of grasshoppers and caterpillars already roasted. However, they never killed rattlesnakes because they considered them sacred.
The Yokuts burned wild seed plant areas to improve the following year’s crop. Trade Yokuts Indians traded widely with peoples of different habitats. Southern Valley people imported obsidian for arrowheads and sharp tools, stone mortars and pestles, wooden mortars, and marine shells for money and decoration.
Culturally, our people are known as great fishermen, eelers, basket weavers, canoe makers, storytellers, singers, dancers, healers and strong medicine people. Before we were given the name ” Yurok ” we referred to ourselves and others in our area using our Indian language.
|Native speakers||Unknown 20–25 fluent and semispeakers (Golla 2007)|
|Language family||Yok-Utian Yokuts|
|Dialects||Palewyami † Buena Vista † Tule–Kaweah Gashowu † Kings River † Valley Yokuts|
The Yokuts were reduced by around 93% between 1850 and 1900, with many of the survivors being forced into indentured servitude sanctioned by the California State Act for the Government and Protection of Indians. An estimated 600 Yokuts are said to belong to unrecognized tribes.
Their main food was acorns. The Yokuts also ate wild plants, roots, and berries. They hunted deer, rabbits, prairie dogs, and other small mammals and birds.
The hunting of waterfowl, such as geese and ducks, was also of major importance. The subsistence pattern of the Southern Valley Yokuts focused on lake and river fishing with nets, basket traps, and spears, hunting waterfowl from tule rafts, and gathering shellfish and tule roots.
Yokuts traditional narratives include myths, legends, tales, and oral histories preserved by the Yokuts people of the San Joaquin Valley and southern Sierra Nevada foothills of central California.
Yokuts in American English 1. a member of a group of small Native American tribes speaking related dialects and occupying the San Joaquin Valley of California and the adjoining eastern foothill regions. Nearly all the Valley Yokuts are extinct; some foothill groups remain.
Even though they lived on some of the best farmland in the entire country, why didn’t the Miwok or Yokut tribes depend on farming to provide food for their villages? what they needed. -The land provided: many animals to hunt, edible plants, gathered berries and acorns, they fished and hunted.
The Miwok Indians reside in north -central California, from the coast to the west slope of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. There are three divisions of the tribe — the Coast Miwok, the Lake Miwok, and the Sierra Miwok.