Who Were The Seminole Indians? (Solved)

Who Were The Seminole Indians? (Solved)

The Seminole are a Native American people who developed in Florida in the 18th century. Today, they live in Oklahoma and Florida, and comprise three federally recognized tribes: the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, as well as independent groups.

What tribes were the Seminole Indians originally from?

  • The Seminole are a Native American people originally from Florida. Today, they live in Oklahoma and Florida, and comprise three federally recognized tribes: the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, as well as independent groups.

What is the Seminole tribe known for?

Some Creeks were searching for rich, new fields to plant corn, beans and other crops. For a while, Spain even encouraged these migrations to help provide a buffer between Florida and the British colonies. The 1770s is when Florida Indians collectively became known as Seminole, a name meaning “wild people” or ” runaway.”

Why did the US fight Seminole Indians?

The First Seminole War (1817–18) began over attempts by U.S. authorities to recapture runaway black slaves living among Seminole bands. Under General Andrew Jackson, U.S. military forces invaded the area, scattering the villagers, burning their towns, and seizing Spanish-held Pensacola and St. Marks.

How do you become a Seminole Indian?

Their enrollment requirements are: 1) You must prove lineal descendancy from someone listed on the 1957 Tribal Roll, 2) A blood quantum with a minimum of one-quarter Florida Seminole blood, and 3) You must be sponsored by a currently enrolled tribal member.

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Who is the most famous Seminole Indian?

Osceola, the most well-known leader of the Seminole Indians, was born in 1804, in a Creek town near Tallassee, present-day Tuskegee, Alabama. His Creek mother, Polly Copinger, was married to Englishman William Powell. Known throughout his youth as Billy Powell, Osceola’s early life remains relatively obscure.

What are three interesting facts about the Seminole Tribe?

Seminole is an Indian word that means “run-‐a-‐way.” The Seminole Indians were a tribe composed of the Creek Nation in Georgia, the Cherokees, and black slaves. As they were being pushed off of their land or running away from slavery, the tribe relocated to Florida.

What did the Seminole Tribe believe in?

Seminole tribes generally follow Christianity, both Protestantism and Roman Catholicism. They also observe their traditional Native religion, which is expressed through the stomp dance and the Green Corn Ceremony held at their ceremonial grounds. Indigenous peoples have practiced Green Corn rituals for centuries.

How did the Seminole avoid removal?

When the U.S., enforcing the Removal Act, coerces many Seminoles to march to Indian Territory (which is now known as Oklahoma), some Seminoles and Creeks in Alabama and Florida hide in swamps to avoid forced removal. The descendants of those who escaped have governments and reservations in Florida today.

What ended the Seminole War?

The Second Seminole War claimed the lives of over 1,500 U. S. soldiers and cost the government an estimated fifteen million dollars. At its conclusion in 1842, with no peace treaty or armistice declared, roughly 3,000 Seminoles had been removed to the Indian Territory.

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Does the Seminole tribe still exist?

A few Seminoles remained in Florida. During the first half of the 20th century, tribal members regained some 80,000 acres of land from the U.S. government, and in 1957, a century after the end of the Seminole Wars, the Seminole tribe of Florida regained federal recognition.

Can you join the Seminole tribe?

To be eligible for membership, you must be at least one-quarter Florida Seminole, meaning one of your grandparents must be full-blooded Florida Seminole. You must also prove direct lineage to a Florida Seminole listed on the 1957 Tribal Roll — records kept when Native Americans were uprooted.

What did the Seminole tribe eat?

Seminole women harvested crops of corn, beans, and squash. Seminole men did most of the hunting and fishing, catching game such as deer, wild turkeys, rabbits, turtles, and alligators. Seminole Indian dishes included cornbread, soups, and stews.

Was Chief Osceola a Seminole?

Osceola (1804 – January 30, 1838, Asi-yahola in Creek), named Billy Powell at birth in Alabama, became an influential leader of the Seminole people in Florida. His mother was Muscogee, and his great-grandfather was a Scotsman, James McQueen. He was reared by his mother in the Creek (Muscogee) tradition.

Who is the chief of the Seminole tribe today?

Marcellus Osceola Jr. was sworn in as the new chairman of the Seminole Tribe of Florida in January 2017 at tribal headquarters in Hollywood, according to The Seminole Tribune.

Who was the Seminole Tribe leader?

Led by their dynamic chief Osceola (q.v.), the Seminole warriors hid their families in the Everglades… Seminole, North American Indian tribe of Creek origin who speak a Muskogean language.…

Harold Plumb

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