Paleo-Indian peoples, whose descendants include the Paiute, were the first inhabitants in the area, some 12,000 years ago. Their tools have been discovered at several sites in the Las Vegas Valley. The Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi) and Paiute peoples came later and migrated between seasonal camps…
Paleo-Indians, Paleoindians or Paleo-Americans, were the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period. The prefix “paleo-” comes from the Greek adjective palaios (παλαιός), meaning “old” or “ancient”.
The first people in North America arrived at least 14,000 years ago. Archaeologists call this period of North American history Paleoindian, meaning ancient Indian. Paleoindian people left behind distinctive spear points, such as the ones seen here, and other kinds of stone tools at Illinois camp sites.
Paleo-Indians were the first inhabitants of North America (“paleo means old in Greek). They were also known as Lithic Indians; the word “lithic” is derived from the Greek “lithos” meaning stone, a reference to the material from which they made their tools.
Archaeologists have yet to discover objects that can be attributed to Paleoindian beliefs. We can make educated inferences about their beliefs. Throughout the world, most hunters and gatherers believe in a spirit-filled world. Their lives include a variety of rituals to give respect to spirits and to learn from them.
Some genetic research indicates secondary waves of migration occurred after the initial Paleo-Indian colonization but prior to modern Inuit, Inupiat, and Yupik expansions. After multiple waves of migration, complex civilizations arose. One of the earliest identifiable cultures was the Clovis culture.
Most Paleoindian houses were small, circular structures. They were made of poles that leaned in at the top, tipi-style. The poles were covered with brush, and the brush was covered with mud or animal hides. Animal hides probably covered the doorway, too.
The Paleo Indians moved into Alabama about 12,000 years ago while following herds of now-extinct food animals.
Judging by the clothing people living today wear in colder climates and by the resources available to them, Paleoindians probably wore animal hide and fur clothing.
Why did the Paleo-Indians flourish in the Americas? Because they could live off more sources of food, communities required less land and supported larger populations. What are the various features/aspects/characteristics of the Archaic era? Food surpluses, trade networks, religious and political systems.
Mammoths became extinct on the Plains by 11,000 years ago, and, although paleoecological conditions were worsening, their demise may have been hastened by human predation. After this, the main target of the Plains Paleoindian hunters consisted of subspecies of bison, Bison antiquus and Bison occidentalis.
The Paleo-Indians made simple stone tools, using “flint knapping,” or stone chipping, techniques similar to those of ancient people in northeastern Siberia to shape raw flint and chert into crude chopping, cutting, gouging, hammering and scraping tools.
Paleoindian cultures were nomadic, meaning they traveled from place to place rather than staying settled. From the variety of animal bones we find in ancient campsites, it seems that they were mostly hunter-gatherer societies of no more than 20-50 people each who followed food sources.