The Cherokee are North American Indians of Iroquoian lineage who constituted one of the largest politically integrated tribes at the time of European colonization of the Americas. Their name is derived from a Creek word meaning “people of different speech”; many prefer to be known as Keetoowah or Tsalagi.
Who were Cherokee Indian?
Traditional, linguistic, and archeological evidence shows that the Cherokee originated in the north, but they were found in possession of the south Allegheny region when first encountered by De Soto in 1540. Their relations with the Carolina colonies began 150 years later.
They believed the world should have balance, harmony, cooperation, and respect within the community and between people and the rest of nature. Cherokee myths and legends taught the lessons and practices necessary to maintain natural balance, harmony, and health.
Today, the Cherokee Nation is the largest tribe in the United States with more than 380,000 tribal citizens worldwide. More than 141,000 Cherokee Nation citizens reside within the tribe’s reservation boundaries in northeastern Oklahoma.
The Cherokee were farming people. Cherokee women did most of the farming, harvesting crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. Cherokee men did most of the hunting, shooting deer, bear, wild turkeys, and small game. They also fished in the rivers and along the coast.
Yes there are still full blood Cherokees. My mother was full and I have many family members that are full blood. The term is full blood not full blooded. There are 3 federally recognized tribes.
The Deer God: The Cherokee worshipped the Deer God. They told him, “We only kill what is needed to feed our families, and we are sorry.” This was important to do. They did not want the Deer God to be angry with them, or the Deer God might make all the deer disappear.
The personal belongings of the deceased were either buried with him or burned at the grave site. Food and furniture were smashed and thrown away. As soon as the corpse was buried, a priest was sent for to ritually cleanse the house.
Group harmony in community and kin relationships, and freely sharing and giving time, talent and treasures. Strong individual character, with integrity, honesty, perseverance, courage, respect, trust, honor and humility.
All major ABO blood alleles are found in most populations worldwide, whereas the majority of Native Americans are nearly exclusively in the O group. O allele molecular characterization could aid in elucidating the possible causes of group O predominance in Native American populations.
Around 1710 the Cherokee and the Chickasaw forced their enemy, the Shawnee, north of the Ohio River. During the 1660s, the Cherokee had allowed a refugee group of Shawnee to settle in the Cumberland Basin when they fled the Iroquois during the Beaver Wars.
John Ross (1790-1866) was the most important Cherokee political leader of the nineteenth century. He helped establish the Cherokee national government and served as the Cherokee Nation’s principal chief for almost 40 years.
The Cherokee were southeastern woodland Indians, and in the winter they lived in houses made of woven saplings, plastered with mud and roofed with poplar bark. In the summer they lived in open-air dwellings roofed with bark. Today the Cherokee live in ranch houses, apartments, and trailers.
Today, three Cherokee tribes are federally recognized: the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians (UKB) in Oklahoma, the Cherokee Nation (CN) in Oklahoma, and the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (EBCI) in North Carolina.
Of the 238 measured Cherokees, 182 were males. The 113 adults aged 20 years and over had an average height of 172.3 cm. This places the Cherokee men near Prince and Steckel’s “tallest in the world” height for Plains Indians and 2 cm taller than Carlson and Komlos’ three estimates of Native height.