D. Chief Washakie (born circa 1804-1810, died 1900) is perhaps the most famous of all Eastern Shoshone headmen and leaders. Known for his prowess as both warrior and statesperson, Washakie played a prominent role in the territorial and statehood development of Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming.
The more common term used by Shoshone people is Newe, or “People.” The name Shoshone was first recorded in 1805 after Meriwether Lewis encountered a group of “Sosonees or snake Indians” among the Crows and noted them in his diary. The Shoshones were also called the “Snake People” by some Plains Indians.
The bilingual Shoshone woman Sacagawea (c. 1788 – 1812) accompanied the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery expedition in 1805-06 from the northern plains through the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and back.
The Eastern Shoshone are known for their Plains horse culture. They acquired the horse in 1700 and it completely changed their lifestyles. They became proficient hunters thus they became fierce warriors.
The most famous leaders and chiefs of the Shoshone tribe included Chief Cameahwait, Chief Pocatello, Chief Little Soldier, Chief Bear Hunter and Chief Washakie. The most famous Native Indian of the Northern Shoshone was Sacajawea who acted as a guide and translator for the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
The name “Shoshone” comes from Sosoni, a Shoshone word for high-growing grasses. Shoshones call themselves Newe, meaning “People.” Meriwether Lewis recorded the tribe as the “Sosonees or snake Indians” in 1805.
One religion is called Duma. The Appah also called it Our Father or The Creator. The Shoshones’ who believed in this religion would face the sun in the east and sing a prayer song to Appah. They believed that the sun’s rays would carry their words up to him.
Shoshone bands traded regularly with each other and also with neighboring tribes such as the Crow, Nez Perce, and Paiute tribes. The Shoshone were especially friendly with the Paiutes, and intermarried with them frequently.
The Corps of Discovery was a specially-established unit of the United States Army which formed the nucleus of the Lewis and Clark Expedition that took place between May 1804 and September 1806. The Corps was led jointly by Captain Meriwether Lewis and Second Lieutenant William Clark.
Today, the Shoshone’s approximately 10,000 members primarily live on several reservations in Wyoming, Idaho, and Nevada, the largest of which is the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming. The Fort Hall Reservation of the Shoshone-Bannock tribes is located in southeastern Idaho.
In Shoshone’s language, behne is a way to greet people and say hello in a friendly way. The Shoshoni language belongs to the group of Numic languages,
Little Soldier was the head chief of the Yankton Dakota. He was a member of a delegation that signed a treaty with the United States government on June 22, 1825. He signed the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868. He also took part in the Battle of Little Bighorn.
Shoshone, also spelled Shoshoni; also called Snake, North American Indian group that occupied the territory from what is now southeastern California across central and eastern Nevada and northwestern Utah into southern Idaho and western Wyoming.
Chief Pocatello (known in the Shoshoni language as Tondzaosha (Buffalo Robe); 1815 – October 1884) was a leader of the Northern Shoshone, a Native American people of the Great Basin in western North America. He led attacks against early settlers during a time of increasing strife between settlers and Native Americans.