Hiawatha, (Ojibwa: “He Makes Rivers”), a legendary chief (c. 1450) of the Onondaga tribe of North American Indians, to whom Indian tradition attributes the formation of what became known as the Iroquois Confederacy. In his miraculous character, Hiawatha was the incarnation of human progress and civilization.
Hiawatha (/ˌhaɪ. əˈwɒθə/ HY-ə-WOTH-ə, also US: /-ˈwɔːθə/ -WAW-thə: Haiëñ’wa’tha [hajẽʔwaʔtha]; 1525–1595), also known as Ayenwathaaa or Aiionwatha, was a precolonial Native American leader and co-founder of the Iroquois Confederacy. He was a leader of the Onondaga people, the Mohawk people, or both.
The origins and growth of the Iroquois Confederacy Cemented mainly by their desire to stand together against invasion, the tribes united in a common council composed of clan and village chiefs; each tribe had one vote, and unanimity was required for decisions.
Leon Shenandoah, the head of the Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, died yesterday at Syracuse University Hospital after a long illness. He was 81. Shenandoah, who opposed Indians’ involvement in gambling to raise money, lived most of his life on the Onondaga Nation reservation, just south of Syracuse.
The Iroquois originally lived near Lake Ontario and along the Mohawk River in New York State. The name “Iroquois” is a French variant on a term for “snake” given these people by the Hurons. There were other tribes who spoke a similar language, but who were not part of the confederacy.
The role of the Chief in the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, while holding distinction, is to serve and be accountable to the nation. Chiefs are male leaders of the clans that serve as representatives of their clan in Grand Council.
Within a tribe, each clan was led by the clan mother, who was usually the oldest woman in the group. In consultation with the other women, the clan mother chose one or more men to serve as clan chiefs.
Iroquois people still exist today. There are approximately 28,000 living in or near reservations in New York State, and approximately 30,000 more in Canada (McCall 28). Iroquois Indians became known for their light foot and fearlessness in bridge constructuion, and helped build the bridge over the St.
Leon said “We are the voice for the plants; we are a voice for all vegetation, trees, bushes, shrubs, medicines, fruits, and vegetables.” Leon said, ”It was our duty as Human Beings to give thanks, to acknowledge and respect the rivers, lakes, streams, the great oceans and tides, and all of creation.” He said “our
Haudenosaunee (hoe-dee-no-SHOW-nee) means “ people who build a. house.” The name refers to a CONFEDERATION or ALLIANCE among six Native American nations who are more commonly known as the Iroquois Confederacy. Each nation has its own identity.
The Mohawk people (Mohawk: Kanienʼkehá꞉ka) are the most easterly section of the Haudenosaunee, or Iroquois Confederacy. They are an Iroquoian-speaking Indigenous people of North America, with communities in southeastern Canada and northern New York State, primarily around Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River.
They dug clams and oysters along the coast, and trapped lobster. They sometimes roasted their meat or baked it in the coals from their fire. Iroquois people might eat their meat or fish on its own, or mixed with corn mush, or rolled up in a tortilla.
The Iroquois flag represents the Hiawatha wampum belt, made of four interlocking white squares with an all-white tree in the middle on a purple field. Each object represents one of the original five nations of the Iroquois confederacy, with the Tuscarora joining after the design of the original belt.