Paleo-Indian peoples, whose descendants include the Paiute, were the first inhabitants in the area, some 12,000 years ago. Their tools have been discovered at several sites in the Las Vegas Valley. The Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi) and Paiute peoples came later and migrated between seasonal camps…
Who are the Paleo Indians?
Paleo-Indians, Paleoindians or Paleo-Americans, were the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period. The prefix “paleo-” comes from the Greek adjective palaios (παλαιός), meaning “old” or “ancient”.
Paleo-Indians were the first inhabitants of North America (“paleo means old in Greek). They were also known as Lithic Indians; the word “lithic” is derived from the Greek “lithos” meaning stone, a reference to the material from which they made their tools.
Evidence suggests that groups of hunters migrated across the Bering Land Bridge between Siberia and Alaska when the sea level was several hundred feet lower than it is today. Paleoindian campsites in central Alaska (dating to as old as?
It also seems likely that Paleoamericans practiced animistic religion, in which a spiritual essence is assigned to natural forces such as fire, water, thunder, mountains, and animals, sometimes giving them power over humans. Later Virginia Indians practiced something similar.
Paleo-Indian peoples, whose descendants include the Paiute, were the first inhabitants in the area, some 12,000 years ago. Their tools have been discovered at several sites in the Las Vegas Valley.
The Paleo Indians moved into Alabama about 12,000 years ago while following herds of now-extinct food animals.
Mammoths became extinct on the Plains by 11,000 years ago, and, although paleoecological conditions were worsening, their demise may have been hastened by human predation. After this, the main target of the Plains Paleoindian hunters consisted of subspecies of bison, Bison antiquus and Bison occidentalis.
So how did people first come to the Americas? Archaeologists think the first Americans probably crossed from Siberia into North America. Some people may have walked across the Bering Land Bridge. The Bering Land Bridge was a wide strip of land that connected Siberia and North America during the Ice Age.
Judging by the clothing people living today wear in colder climates and by the resources available to them, Paleoindians probably wore animal hide and fur clothing.
The primary characteristic of Archaic cultures is a change in subsistence and lifestyle; their Paleo-Indian predecessors were highly nomadic, specialized hunters and gatherers who relied on a few species of wild plants and game, but Archaic peoples lived in larger groups, were sedentary for part of the year, and
Paleoindian houses were simple, temporary structures called “brush shelters.” This type of house made sense for people who led a nomadic lifestyle. Although Paleoindian houses were very simple, they were also strong enough to withstand harsh weather.