The prophet Hosea might have been one of the earliest of the prophets to come from Biblical Israel’s 10 northern tribes. In other words, he was a perennial outsider. Scholars often view him as one the first of the so-called “minor” prophets.
Location. Although it is not expressly stated in the Book of Hosea, it is apparent from the level of detail and familiarity focused on northern geography, that Hosea conducted his prophetic ministries in the northern Kingdom of Israel, of which he was a native.
He does not agree that Hosea was a Levite for the metaphor to work. However, the writer argues that Hosea’s dysfunctional marriage was serving as a metaphor for Yahweh’s bad relationship with Israel (2001:75). Some scholars believed that Hosea’s wife Gomer was a temple prostitute that the prophet would marry.
Micah was from Moresheth-Gath, in southwest Judah. He prophesied during the reigns of kings Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah of Judah. Micah’s messages were directed chiefly toward Jerusalem.
Gomer (go’-mer) was the wife of the prophet Hosea (8th century BC), mentioned in the Hebrew Bible’s Book of Hosea (1:3). Hosea 1:2 refers to her alternatively as a “promiscuous woman” (NIV), a “harlot” (NASB), and a “whore” (KJV) but Hosea is told to marry her according to Divine appointment.
In Chapter 14, the prophet urges Israel to seek forgiveness, and promises its restoration, while urging the utmost fidelity to God. Matthew 2:13 cites Hosea’s prophecy in Hosea 11:1 that God would call His Son out of Egypt as foretelling the flight into Egypt and return to Israel of Joseph, Mary, and the infant Jesus.
Certain traditions ascribe the book to Zerubbabel and Nehemiah; others to Malachi, whom they designate as a Levite and a member of the Great Assembly.
The Book of Nahum is the seventh book of the 12 minor prophets of the Hebrew Bible. It is attributed to the prophet Nahum, and was probably written in Jerusalem in the 7th century BC.
According to the opening verse, Jonah is the son of Amittai. This lineage identifies him with the Jonah mentioned in II Kings 14:25 who prophesied during the reign of Jeroboam II, about 785 bc.
Gomer was the wife of the prophet Hosea. In some translations she is labeled a prostitute, but the more accurate description is that she was simply promiscuous and had extramarital relations.
According to the superscription, Hosea began his prophetic activity during the reign of Jeroboam II (c. 786–746 bc). His prophetic announcements indicate that he was active until near the fall (721 bc) of the northern kingdom of Israel, the scene of his entire ministry.
In those Biblical times, Gomer was a woman’s name, too. Gomer was the wife of Hosea, and a prostitute. The ancient Hebrew name “Gomer” roughly translates to “complete” or “whole.”