In the tribe of Levi, Aaron and his descendants were designated as priests to serve in the Temple. God declared the first-born of every Jewish family would be designated as a Kohen, or the priest who would serve as that family’s representative at the Holy Temple.
The Levites were one of the most important tribes of Israel because they were the tribe responsible for the religious leadership of the Jews. Jacob, who took on the responsibility of the priesthood because of the importance of Moses and Aaron to the Israelites, was the sort of patriarch to the Levites.
Levites are the descendants of the Tribe of Levi, one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Levites are integrated in Jewish and Samaritan communities, but keep a distinct status.
Hebrew Bible The first priest mentioned in the Bible is Melchizedek, who was a priest of the Most High. The first priest mentioned of another god is Potipherah priest of On, whose daughter Asenath married Joseph in Egypt. The third priest to be mentioned is Jethro, priest of Midian, and Moses’ father in law.
The tribe of Levi had a special calling to hold the priesthood and perform ordinances under the law of Moses. Because of this calling, they lived among all the other tribes and were not counted in the same way.
Rachel bore Jacob two sons, Joseph and Benjamin. The tribe of Benjamin provided Israel with its first king, Saul, and was later assimilated into the tribe of Judah. While no tribe bore the name of Joseph, two tribes were named after Joseph’s sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.
The southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin constitute the historical forbears of most of the Jewish People as it is known today.
A priest is a special man chosen among all the Levites to perform temple-related preaching and duties. Levite is a tribe of the community of men who are educated and devotees of God. Levite is usually a man according to the ancient Israel culture. They perform different duties in the service of God.
When Joshua led the Israelites into the land of Canaan the Levites were the only Israelite tribe that received cities but were not allowed to be landowners, because “the Lord God of Israel is their inheritance, as he said to them” (Book of Joshua, Joshua 13:33).
Though it is possible he may have had more sons and daughters than what is recorded in surviving texts, only twelve sons would form the basis for the twelve tribes of Israel: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
Catholics hold that Saint Peter was Rome’s first bishop and the consecrator of Linus as its next bishop, thus starting the unbroken line which includes the current pontiff, Pope Francis. That is, the Catholic Church maintains the apostolic succession of the Bishop of Rome, the Pope – the successor to Saint Peter.
As shown, 2 Enoch presents Melchizedek as a continuation of the priestly line from Methuselah, son of Enoch, directly to the second son of Lamech, Nir (brother of Noah), and on to Melchizedek. 2 Enoch therefore considers Melchizedek as the grandson of Lamech.
The high priests belonged to the Jewish priestly families that trace their paternal line back to Aaron, the first high priest of Israel in the Hebrew Bible and elder brother of Moses, through Zadok, a leading priest at the time of David and Solomon.
The Levites do not get an inheritance; rather, they are scattered among the other tribes through the allocation of cities among the other tribes. The delegitimization of Simeon and Levi seems to be linked with their violent action of revenge with the sword on Hamor and his son Shechem for the rape of Dinah.
In the Book of Genesis, Levi and his brother, Simeon, exterminate the city of Shechem in revenge for the rape of Dinah, seizing the wealth of the city and killing the men.