What are the characteristics of the Archaic Indians in the Great Basin?
specialized in hunting big mammals. hunting deer and gathering nuts and seeds. Archaic cultures in the Southwest adopted agriculture in response to. environmental conditions that made the supply of plant food highly unreliable.
How did agriculture change Archaic cultures? It encouraged the gradual establishment of permanent settlements. a confederation of the Iroquoian tribes for the purposes of war and diplomacy. used other kinds of symbolic representation.
What do the artifacts that have survived the Paleo-Indian era suggest about the first Americans? They were skilled hunters that specialized in the hunting of big mammals. the large animals they hunted had difficulty adapting to the warmer climate.
What was a similarity among the many tribes that inhabited North America at the dawn of the European colonization? Their cultures had developed in relation to their local natural environments. They changed the environment in a variety of ways that served their own interests.
The period’s name derives from the appearance of “lithic flaked” stone tools. Paleo-Indians, Paleoindians or Paleo-Americans, were the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period.
The Archaic stage is characterized by subsistence economies supported through the exploitation of nuts, seeds, and shellfish. As its ending is defined by the adoption of sedentary farming, this date can vary significantly across the Americas.
How did Native American cultures adapt to the extinction of big game? Paleo-Indians began foraging wild plant foods. the large animals they hunted had difficulty adapting to a warming climate. Why do archaeologists believe that the first ancient Woodland mound builders were organized into chiefdoms?
Starting from about 15–18 kya, a rapid southward expansion took Paleo-Indians from Beringia all the way to the extreme southern tip of South America, covering a latitude gap of more than 100° (from about 65° North to 54° South) and a distance of more than 15,000 km, possibly in a time span of less than 2,000 years 
When early humans began farming, they were able to produce enough food that they no longer had to migrate to their food source. This meant they could build permanent structures, and develop villages, towns, and eventually even cities. Closely connected to the rise of settled societies was an increase in population.
Throughout the Paleo-Indian era, the spear was the most common weapon. At first, humans used spears as thrusting weapons, which of course required very close range between the hunter and game, a dangerous prospect at best.
Early cultural development. Paleo-Indians reached South America by at least 12,500 years ago, and perhaps much earlier.
Which segment of the Spanish population made up the majority of the approximately 225,000 Spaniards who settled in the colonies between 1492 and 1592? Poor young men of common lineage.
Which statement is true of the peoples of North America at the time of the Europeans’ first arrival? They lived in remarkably diverse ways. How far west did medieval Scandinavians sail?
Why did Native American societies develop different cultural traditions in different regions? Because of the difference in location of the tribes, different resources were available and unavailable to the people. For example, in the north, Native Americans lived in teepees because they were a nomadic group of people.
As a result, Native Americans have made many valuable contributions to American culture, particularly in the areas of language, art, food, and government. The early settlers borrowed words from several different Native American languages to name the new places and new objects that they had found in their new land.