The Sufi movement started in Persia and evolved into the 11th century. It found its way into India during the later half of the 11th and 12th centuries when many Sufi saints arrived and settled in the country. The Sufi movement was organized in various orders (silsilahs).
The orders were formed around spiritual founders, who gained saint status and shrines built in their names. There are dozens of Sufi orders and offshoots. Sufism spread throughout the Muslim world, becoming a central component of many peoples’ religious practice from Indonesia and South Asia to Africa and the Balkans.
1221) who was from the border between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan This Sufi saint was a widely acclaimed teacher with travels to Turkey, Iran, and Kashmir. His education also fostering generations of students who became saints themselves. This order became important in Kashmir during the late 14th century.
Sufism entered India in the 12th century with Muslim invaders and became popular in the 13th century.
The peaceful tradition of Sufi Islam has been present all across India. Indian Sunni scholars have argued against fanatical interpretations. Extremism, however, has unfortunately recruited thousands of people to militancy and carnage in furtherance of radical Islam.
Baha-ud-Din Naqshband (1318-1389) of Turkestan founded Naqshbandi order of Sufism. Khwaja Razi-ud-Din Muhammad Baqi Billah whose tomb is in Delhi, introduced the Naqshbandi order in India. The essence of this order was insistence on rigid adherence to Sharia and nurturing love for the Prophet.
Islam believes there is only one God and that is Allah and no other God. According to Islam the purpose of life is to live according to Quran and Hadith and thereby serve Allah. Sufism, on the other hand is spiritual dimension of God-man union. According to Ali Hujwiri, Ali Talib was the founder of Sufism within Islam.
The Sufi movement started in Persia and evolved into a well developed movement by the 11th century. Sufism found its way into India during the eleventh and twelfth centuries when many Sufi saints came to India particularly in Multan and Lahore of the Indian subcontinent.
Sufism is a mystical form of Islam, a school of practice that emphasizes the inward search for God and shuns materialism. It has produced some of the world’s most beloved literature, like the love poems of the 13th century Iranian jurist Rumi.
Classical Sufi texts, which stressed certain teachings and practices of the Quran and the sunnah (exemplary teachings and practices of the Islamic prophet Muhammad), gave definitions of tasawwuf that described ethical and spiritual goals and functioned as teaching tools for their attainment.
Answer: India’s most famous Sufi poets Amir Khusrow once said the following about Kashmir: “If there is a paradise on earth, it is this, it is this, it is this!”
India came in contact with Islam long before the Muslim invasions. 3. The member of each Jati had to abide by their own caste rules as well as the civic rules.
Sufis, like all practicing Muslims, pray five times a day and must visit Mecca once in their lifetime if they have the means. For many if not most Sufis the most important “jihad” is one’s personal struggle toward deeper faith.
Causes for the rise of Sufi Movement are:
Being a sufi is very simple and is not about any religion. One must know love, act in love, speak of love and become that love. Firstly you must be Muslim, that is you believe in La Ilaha il Allah Muhammadur Rasool Allah (SAAW) (There is no God except Allah and Prophet Muhammad (SAAW) is his Messenger).
Muslim Baby Names Meaning: In Muslim Baby Names the meaning of the name Sufi is: Islamic mystic.