In Arizona and California, just north of the Mexican border, the Quechan (or Yuma) are an aboriginal American tribe who dwell on the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, which is located on the lower Colorado River on the Quechan language’s Kwatsáan ‘those who descended’. However, they are not connected to the Quechua people of the Andes, despite the fact that they have the same name.
What kind of environment did the Yuma people inhabit?Those belonging to the Yuma tribe resided in dwellings near the Colorado River’s banks.The rectangular huts were built on stilts to protect them from floods caused by the yearly flooding of the river below.
Their huts were comparable in design to the brush shelter dwellings known as wickiups that were utilized by other Native American tribes at the time.
Known as the Yuma Indians, they are an American Indian group that is affiliated with the Quechan, Yuman, Kwtsan, and Kwtsaan tribes of the United States. Native Americans from the Yuma tribe have historically lived in and around the Colorado River Valley in the southwestern portion of the United States, where they are known as the Yuma.
Yuma families lived in earth lodges, which are constructed of a square timber frame that is filled with clay and covered with grass to provide insulation. Because of the thick earth walls, this type of building remained cool in the hot and warm in the winter, making it an ideal refuge in a desert environment.
Fort Yuma was a fort in California that stood across the Colorado River from Yuma, Arizona. It was built in Imperial County in 1862. It served as a stop on the Butterfield Overland Mail route from 1858 to 1861 until being abandoned on May 16, 1883, and its land was sold to the United States Department of the Interior.
What exactly did they eat? Wheat, beans, corn, squash, and melons were among the foods they consumed. Rabbits, deer, and birds were also hunted and eaten by them.
It is a Yuman language that belongs to the Hokan language family. The majority of contemporary Quechan live in the Fort Yuma–Quechan Reservation, which is located west of the Colorado River near Yuma, Arizona. It shares a border with Mexico and California. Some of the reserve land is still in use as a farming operation.
Located in the far southwest part of Arizona, where the state borders California and lies just north of the Mexican border, Yuma is a popular tourist destination.Yuma, a veritable oasis in the desert, was initially established as a crossing station for Californian immigrants crossing the Colorado River near the mouth of the river.Today, the arid desert climate is the primary draw for tourists.
They were founded on the idea in Animism, which is the notion that the world and all natural objects, including animals, plants and trees as well as rivers and mountain rocks, have souls and spirits.
Yuma Indians were largely cultivators, according to historical records. Every season, they cultivated a variety of crops such as maize, beans, squash, melons, pumpkins, roots, and herbs. Wild crops like as berries and nuts, mesquite beans, wild grass seeds, and tobacco were also taken from the abundantly growing areas along the river’s shoreline.
Zuni are a federally recognized tribe in the United States, with the majority of its members residing at the Pueblo of Zuni, which is located on the Zuni River, a tributary of the Little Colorado River in western New Mexico.
Around the year 1000 AD, according to Katherine Luomola, the ‘nucleus of subsequent Tipai-Ipai clans’ began to come together. The Kumeyaay, on the other hand, believe that they had been in San Diego for 12,000 years, according to their own beliefs.
Indigenous peoples in Arizona, such as the Yuma, Cocopah, and Maricopa, are descended from the Hohokam and speak in a Yuman dialect. The Cocopah Indian Reservation, located in the southwestern region of Arizona, is home to around 600 descendants of these three tribes today.