Yuki, four groups of North American Indians who lived in the Coast Ranges and along the coast of what is now northwestern California, U.S. They spoke distinctive languages that are unaffiliated with any other known language.
The Yuki have lived on their ancestral homeland (stretching from Humboldt Bay to the upper Russian River area ) for over 10,000 years prior to other tribes immigrating into California. The Yuki are thought to be the original Paleo-Indians of California.
The Yuki diet was varied and abundant, with staples such as salmon, acorns and deer. Like the other Lake County American Indian tribes, theirs was a hunter-gatherer society and included nuts, tubers, berries, seeds, mushrooms, bird eggs and honey. Sometimes grasshoppers and other insect larvae were consumed.
Today they are enrolled members of the Round Valley Indian Tribes of the Round Valley Reservation. Yuki tribes are thought to have settled as far south as Hood Mountain in present-day Sonoma County.
Traditional Yuki religious beliefs centred generally on two contrasting deities— a creator, whose actions were essentially well intended, and another deity, sometimes associated with thunder, who might help but might also blunder or do evil.
Yaqui, Indian people centred in southern Sonora state, on the west coast of Mexico. They speak the Yaqui dialect of the language called Cahita, which belongs to the Uto-Aztecan language family. (The only other surviving speakers of the Cahita language group are the related Mayo people.)
Yuki women gathered acorns and ground them into meal, as well as collecting berries, nuts, and other plants. Here is a website with more information about ancient Indian food. What were Yuki weapons and tools like in the past? Yuki hunters used bows and arrows or snares.
Trade was common between the Yuki and their neighbors to the south. Though they often fought with the Pomo, they also traded with them for shells and beads, ocean fish, mussels, seaweed, and salt.
Their population was extremely dense and may have numbered more than 10,000 Indians. The Yuki enjoyed a rich annual round of religious celebrations, social dances, trade expeditions and war raids.
In material culture the Yuchi are typical of the, agricultural hunting tribes of the south east Atlantic and Gulf coast area, living formerly in permanent villages surrounded by cultivated fields and always situated conveniently near some stream where fish abounded.
The Wappo (endonym: Micewal) are an indigenous people of northern California. Their traditional homelands are in Napa Valley, the south shore of Clear Lake, Alexander Valley, and Russian River valley. They are distantly related to the Yuki people, from which they seem to have diverged at least 500 years ago.
Recently, analysis of archaeological evidence has suggested that the indigenous historical economy observed by the Spanish at their arrival in the Pomo lands of central California may have first developed during the Mostin Culture period (8500–6300 BP) in the Clear Lake Basin.
The Miwok, he claims, came around 1000 BC while they were following salmon, as opposed to some other tribes who migrated from Asia 20,000 years ago.