Shawnee, an Algonquian-speaking North American Indian people who lived in the central Ohio River valley.
What homes did the Shawnee Indians live in?
The word Shawnee comes from the Algonquian word ‘shawun’ which means southerner. Other interpretations of the word suggest it might mean ” those who have silver “. The Iroquois called them the Ontoagannha, which meant People of Unintelligible Speech according to Allan Eckert in his book “That Dark and Bloody River.”
The Shawnees didn’t live in tepees. They lived in small round dwellings called wikkums, or wigwams. Each Shawnee village also included a larger council house built from wood.
Before Europeans arrived in the Americas, the Shawnee lived mainly in southern Ohio, western Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. During the 1600s they spread out, and by the late 1600s and early 1700s they resided mostly in eastern Pennsylvania and Ohio.
The Shawnee Tribe is a federally recognized sovereign nation with about 3,200 tribal citizens as of 2020. Shawnee citizens reside not only in Oklahoma, but also live and work throughout the world.
The traditional Shawnee home was a wigwam, not a tepee. These were round houses made of wooden frames covered with birchbark and woven mats. They could be shaped like domes, cones, or rectangles. Traditional Shawnee clothing included skirts and leggings for women, and breechcloths and leggings for men.
The latter group appeared to be regarded as part of the Cherokee Nation by the United States. They were also known as the “Cherokee Shawnee” and were settled on some of the Cherokee land in Indian Territory.
The Shawnee people lived by their own tribal rules and ignored all outside influences. They were a mainly a peaceful people who tended to avoid confrontation unless threatened. They had a strong leader called Tecumseh, who even today holds influence with the Shawnee people.
As early as the 1670s the Shawnees were hunting and trading along the Cumberland River in what is today Tennessee. They had several villages along the Cumberland which was identified as “la riviere des Chaouesnons” or the “River of the Shawnees” on early French maps.
Today, there are three federally-recognized tribes of the Shawnee People: the Absentee-Shawnee, the (Loyal) Shawnee, and the Eastern Shawnee. And by 1832, the United States Government removed remaining Shawnees in the Ohio River Valley and other surrounding areas into Kansas.
Government. The headquarters of the Shawnee Tribe is Miami, Oklahoma. Currently, there are about 10,000 enrolled tribal members, with 1,070 of them living within the state of Oklahoma.
The original Shawnee home land was in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. But the Shawnees were far-ranging people. Shawnee villages were located as far north as New York state and as far south as Georgia. Today, most Shawnees live in Oklahoma, where they were deported by the US government.
The Shawnee Tribe is an Algonquian-speaking people, who originally occupied lands in southern Ohio, West Virginia and western Pennsylvania. Their name comes from the Algonquian word “shawum” meaning “southerner,” and refers to their original location in the Ohio Valley south of the other Great Lakes Algonquian Tribes.
The Comanches, known as the “Lords of the Plains”, were regarded as perhaps the most dangerous Indians Tribes in the frontier era. One of the most compelling stories of the Wild West is the abduction of Cynthia Ann Parker, Quanah’s mother, who was kidnapped at age 9 by Comanches and assimilated into the tribe.
The term “Absentee Shawnee” comes from a provisional clause in an 1854 treaty regarding surplus lands in the Kansas reservation which were set aside for the “absent” Shawnees. The outcome of the Texas-Mexico War (1846-1848) caused many Absentee Shawnee to leave Texas and move into the Indian Territory.