Shawnee, an Algonquian-speaking North American Indian people who lived in the central Ohio River valley. Closely related in language and culture to the Fox, Kickapoo, and Sauk, the Shawnee were also influenced by a long association with the Seneca and Delaware.
The Shawnee are an Algonquian-speaking indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands. In the 17th century, they lived in Pennsylvania and in the 18th century, they were in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana, with some bands in Kentucky and Alabama.
The original Shawnee home land was in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. But the Shawnees were far-ranging people. Shawnee villages were located as far north as New York state and as far south as Georgia.
The word Shawnee comes from the Algonquian word ‘shawun’ which means southerner. Other interpretations of the word suggest it might mean ” those who have silver “. The Iroquois called them the Ontoagannha, which meant People of Unintelligible Speech according to Allan Eckert in his book “That Dark and Bloody River.”
The Shawnees settled in and around White Oak, Bird Creek (Sperry), and Hudson Creek (Fairland), maintaining separate communities and separate cultural identities. Known as the Cherokee Shawnees, they would also later be called the Loyal Shawnees.
In the mid- to late 1600s, Fort Ancient peoples occupied villages along the Ohio River. By the 1680s or 1690s, the Shawnee had one or more villages on the upper Cumberland River (known as the Chauouanon or Shawnee River until the late eighteenth century), although the exact locations are unknown.
The Shawnee Tribe is a federally recognized sovereign nation with about 3,200 tribal citizens as of 2020. Shawnee citizens reside not only in Oklahoma, but also live and work throughout the world.
The traditional Shawnee home was a wigwam, not a tepee. These were round houses made of wooden frames covered with birchbark and woven mats. They could be shaped like domes, cones, or rectangles. Traditional Shawnee clothing included skirts and leggings for women, and breechcloths and leggings for men.
As early as the 1670s the Shawnees were hunting and trading along the Cumberland River in what is today Tennessee. They had several villages along the Cumberland which was identified as “la riviere des Chaouesnons” or the “River of the Shawnees” on early French maps.
Shawnee comes from the Algonquin word “shawun,” meaning “southerner.” Shawnee usually call themselves the Shawano or Shawanoe or Shawanese.
The Shawnee people lived by their own tribal rules and ignored all outside influences. They were a mainly a peaceful people who tended to avoid confrontation unless threatened. They had a strong leader called Tecumseh, who even today holds influence with the Shawnee people.
simple form, and two or three tone scales has probably been with the Shawnee since their early days. This style is comparable to some of the most primitive music in the world and is widespread among Indian tribes in songs with just these particular functions, and not in other songs.
Government. The headquarters of the Shawnee Tribe is Miami, Oklahoma. Currently, there are about 10,000 enrolled tribal members, with 1,070 of them living within the state of Oklahoma.
To enroll as a citizen of the Shawnee Tribe, you or your ancestor(s) must be listed on one of the following Shawnee Rolls:
Shawnee Nation Case Study The U.S. government forced the Shawnee Nation to sign a removal treaty in 1831. Soon after the death of one of their leaders, Catahecassa, the government wasted no time forcing the Shawnee Nation to sign a removal treaty in 1831.