About the Omaha: The Omaha originally lived in the Ohio River Valley along with ancestors of the Kansa, Osage, Ponca, and Quapaw Indians. Eventually, the tribes separated, and most of them moved further west. The Omaha people arrived in Nebraska around 1700.
The original tribe inhabited the area near the Ohio and Wabash rivers, near present-day Cincinnati, Ohio. As the tribe migrated west it split into what became the Omaha tribe and the Quapaw tribes.
The Omaha and Ponca separated in present-day South Dakota, with the former moving on to Bow Creek in present-day Nebraska. In 1854, under the pressure of encroaching settlers, the Omaha sold most of their land to the U.S. government.
The Omaha people ate a wide variety of foods. They were sedentary agriculturalists who farmed during the summer and fall. They primarily relied on corn, beans, and squash as their principal crops. In addition, the Omaha also hunted.
The Omaha and Ponca Native American tribes are closely related. Both tribes speak a language called the Dhegiha division of the Siouan linguistic stock. They speak a similar language to that spoken by several tribes who lived further south during the historic period, the Osage, Kansa and Quapaw tribes.
The Omaha tribe began as a larger Eastern Woolands tribe comprising both the Omaha, Ponca and Quapaw tribes. This tribe coalesced and inhabited the area near the Ohio and Wabash rivers around year 1600. It was located on the Big Sioux River near its confluence with the Missouri, near present-day Sioux City, Iowa.
ETHNONYMS: The descriptive name Omaha (umónhon, “against the current” or “upstream”) was used before 1541. It conveys the oral histories of eighteenth-century migrations and separations from other groups (Osage, Quapaw, Kansa) in which the Omaha moved up the Mississippi River drainage basin.
The Omaha tribe called themselves U-Mo’n-Ho’n meaning “upstream people” and were later known as the Maha by the French meaning “a wandering nation”. The French name ‘Maha’ was then changed to Omaha.
Belief in a Future Life. They have a very crude belief. Each person has a wanaghe, or spirit, which does not perish at death. They were told by the old men, “If you are good, you will go to the good ghosts.
Omaha (population 446,970): Omahans. BRENDAN SULLIVAN/THE WORLD-HERALD.
10 Omaha Fun Facts
Omaha women wore long deerskin dresses. Omaha men wore breechcloths with leather leggings and buckskin shirts. In cold weather, they also wore long buffalo-hide robes. Like many Native Americans, the Omahas wore moccasins on their feet.
The Umonhon People who make up the Omaha Tribe of Nebraska are the original inhabitants of the state of Nebraska. We are the only tribe in Nebraska that reside on our original homelands at the time statehood was established. The Hedewaci Ceremony or Harvest Celebration has been practiced for hundreds of years.
Aho means “hello”, but as a sentence, Aho, Oklahoma! might seem unnatural to a Ponca speaker. Thus the above phrase has been chosen, which means “Greetings to you who live in Oklahoma”, or more literally, “Oklahoma there you-sit you-the-sitting, hello!”
The residents of Pender are mostly non-Indians, and the Omaha Tribe has generally not enforced its laws in Pender. In 2004, the Omaha Tribe adopted an alcoholic beverage control ordinance applying within the boundaries of the Reservation.
A breechcloth is a long rectangular piece of tanned deerskin, cloth, or animal fur. It is worn between the legs and tucked over a belt, so that the flaps fall down in front and behind. In some tribes, the breechcloth loops outside of the belt and then is tucked into the inside, for a more fitted look.