The Mingo lived along the riverbanks of the Scioto and Sandusky Rivers, (near present- day Columbus and Steubenville). The Mingo tribe was formed by members of the Iroquois and other tribes; hunters and concurred peoples.
They settled in Ohio and western Pennsylvania in the early 1700s and formed mixed villages with the Delaware and Shawnee who [displaced by expansion in Pennsylvania’s East] arrived later.”16 “George Washington’s 1753-54 map of Ohio Country shows Mingo Town about 20 miles below present Pittsburgh, about two miles below
Among the tribes occupying land in Ohio were:
Northeast Ohio Native Americans The Mingos were an Iroquoian group which consisted of mostly of former Seneca as well as Cayuga, Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Tuscarawas, and a few non-Iroquoian Mohicans.
1. The Shawnee Tribe. The Shawnee Tribe was one of the largest tribes in Ohio. It’s believed that the Shawnee were ancestors of the Fort Ancient peoples who were in Ohio before the Iroquois came, tracing back to around the 1600s.
The Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma is made up of descendants of the Ottawa who, after migrating from Canada into Michigan, agreed to live in the area around Fort Detroit and Maumee River in Ohio. After the passage of the Indian Removal Bill in 1830 they were removed to villages in Ohio, Illinois, and Michigan.
Some Delaware natives came to live in eastern Ohio along the Muskingum River, while others resided in northwestern Ohio along the Auglaize River. Once in Ohio, the Delaware grew into a powerful tribe that often resisted the further advances of the Iroquois.
Shawnee, an Algonquian-speaking North American Indian people who lived in the central Ohio River valley.
Ojibwa, also spelled Ojibwe or Ojibway, also called Chippewa, self-name Anishinaabe, Algonquian-speaking North American Indian tribe who lived in what are now Ontario and Manitoba, Can., and Minnesota and North Dakota, U.S., from Lake Huron westward onto the Plains.
The Iroquois lived on the lands south and east of Lake Ontario. Almost all of the native groups living in Ohio were related to these two major cultures that were constantly at war with each other.
Mingos have also been called “Ohio Iroquois” and “Ohio Seneca”. Most were forced to move to Indian Territory in the early 1830s under the Indian Removal program. In the 1930s Mingo descendants reorganized as a tribe and were recognized by the federal government in 1937 as the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma.
One of the first Indigenous peoples to live in what is now known as Cleveland were the Erie people. The Erie inhabited most of the southern shore of Lake Erie, and they were wiped out by a war with the Iroquois Confederacy in 1656. Erie survivors assimilated into neighboring tribes, especially the Seneca.
Some came to live in northern Ohio. They built their main villages in Wyandot, Marion, and Crawford Counties, but they lived across northern Ohio and as far south as Ross County.
The 1838 forced 1,000-mile migration of more than 16,000 Cherokee claimed the lives of 4,000 to 6,000 tribe members. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 also applied to tribes north of the Ohio River. In Ohio that included the Seneca, Delaware, Shawnee, Ottawa and Wyandot.
The Hopewell and Adena Indian cultures claimed the territory we now call Washington County around 100 BC.
The main migrated tribes include the Lenape (Delaware), Miami, Ottawa, Seneca and Wyandot. Several other tribes migrated in and out of Ohio, but these five represent the greatest share of the Indigenous population. The two tribes that migrated toward the present day Toledo region were the Ottawa and Seneca.