Maidu, North American Indians who spoke a language of Penutian stock and originally lived in a territory extending eastward from the Sacramento River to the crest of the Sierra Nevada mountains and centring chiefly in the drainage of the Feather and American rivers in California, U.S.
The Maidu are a Native American people of northern California. They reside in the central Sierra Nevada, in the watershed area of the Feather and American rivers. They also reside in Humbug Valley.
The Maidu tribe inhabited the Sierra Nevada and the adjacent valleys of northern California. The Maidu were a semi-nomadic people who hunted in the summer, building wigwams (wikiups) as temporary shelters. In the winter lived in semi-subterranean pit houses or earth lodges.
The houses were round, with diameters of from 20 to 40 feet. The poles that formed the frame for the house were covered with bark, and then with packed earth. The village ceremonial house was of the same design. Some Maidu built cone-shaped houses from poles covered with bark.
The Nisenan made two distinct living structure known as Hu, and K’um. Hu was the common structure in which villagers lived. These dome-shaped homes were typically built of a combination of tule, earth and wooden poles. Their floors were strewn with foliage and a fire occupied a clear space in the center of a floor.
Konkow Maidu leader Patsy Seek shows one of the traditional huts she’s built out of tree bark along the Feather River in Oroville.
The Konkow Maidu slaver massacre refers to an incident in 1847 when several settlers killed 12 to 20 Konkow Maidu in a slave raid near present-day Chico, California.
Definition of Maidu 1a: an Indian people of the Feather and American river valleys of California. b: a member of such people. 2: a Pujunan language of the Maidu people.
Commerce trails were numerous in Maidu country and items of trade flowed freely over them. From the valley beads reached the mountains along with salmon, salt, and nuts of the digger pine. In turn, the mountaineers traded bows and arrows, deerskins and sugar pine nuts, as well as acorns.
Maidu singers generally use a relaxed and nonpulsating vocal technique. And, compared with Native American songs from other musical areas, they sing large amounts of music with an unchanging beat and with a simple rhythmic organization. The music also has characteristic sequences and syncopations.
Maidu women and girls used milling stones, which were larger than hammer stones, to pound the acorns into meal. They also used a wooden or stone stick, called a pestle, and a rounded stone or wooden object, called a mortar, to make the acorn flour. Pounding acorns was hard work and these tools made it a little easier.
When the utility went bankrupt in 2001, a search began for a new owner to conserve the valley’s forests and streams “in perpetuity for public purposes.” The Maidu, a tribe of about 2,000 that is not federally recognized, competed with California’s Department of Fish and Wildlife for ownership (“California tribe
This statement recognizes that Sacramento is the ancestral homeland of the Nisenan, Maidu, Miwok and Me-Wuk peoples, who are the Indigenous Peoples of this land, and have lived here since time immemorial.
This area was and is still the tribal land of the Nisenan people (my side of the river) located throughout the central valley, the Foothills and Southern Maidu people, and the Valley Miwok and Me-Wuk people, located on the east side of the American River, known to tribal people as the “Mokelumne” or Condor River.
The story of Folsom Lake begins with the Native Americans who lived off the land where the North and South forks of the American River meet. The Nisenan, also known as the Southern Maidu, occupied the Central Valley and Foothills area for centuries before Europeans crossed water or land to discover California.