Kutenai, also spelled (officially, in Canada) Kootenay or Kootenai, North American Indian tribe that traditionally lived in what are now southeastern British Columbia, Can., and northern Idaho and northwestern Montana in the United States.
The Kootenai tribal reservation is located in northern Idaho along the northern border with British Columbia, Canada, in Idaho’s most northerly county, Boundary County. The reservation is approximately 13 acres with a population of roughly 71, according to the 2000 U.S. Census Bureau.
The Kootenai people lived along the Kootenai River in Idaho, Montana, and British Columbia. They were hunter-gatherers, and salmon was an important staple to their diets. They have permanent winter villages of cone-shaped houses made from wooden poles and rush mats.
The Kootenai River originates at Columbia Lakes, British Columbia, and runs basically southward to the mouth of the Fisher River, where i t cuts westward through northwestern Montana and northeastern Idaho. From there i t flows northward, emptying into Kootenay Lake in British Columbia (see map, p.
They hunted deer, elk, moose, duck, and geese. so women collected leaves, roots, and berries instead.
Definition of Kootenai (Entry 1 of 2) 1: a member of an American Indian people of the Rocky Mountains in both the U.S. and Canada. 2: the language of the Kootenai people.
The Kutenai language (/ˈkuːtəneɪ, -i/), also Kootenai, Kootenay, Ktunaxa, and Ksanka, is the native language of the Kutenai people of Montana and Idaho in the United States and British Columbia in Canada.
Members of the Kootenai Tribal Council are selected from the districts from which they are members. Elected officials serve a four-year term. 165 enrolled members.
Boise was named by early 19th-century French Canadian trappers for the tree-lined river (French boisé, “wooded”) that provided relief for travelers crossing the desolate Snake River plain.
Huron, also called Wyandot, Wyandotte, or Wendat, Iroquoian-speaking North American Indians who were living along the St. Lawrence River when contacted by French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1534. Many aspects of Huron culture were similar to those of other Northeast Indians.
The river re-enters Canada south of Creston, British Columbia, and flows through a marshy area called the Kootenay Flats before emptying into the 100-kilometre (62 mi)-long Kootenay Lake.
The Upper Kootenai remained oriented toward the Plains, whereas the Lower Kootenai assumed a more Plateaulike existence. Their self-designation was San’ka, “People of the Waters.” Location The Kootenai may once have lived east of the Rockies, perhaps as far east as Lake Michigan.
The Kutenai dressed in clothing made of antelope, deer, or buffalo hide (breechcloths for men, tunics for women), lived in conical tepees, and painted their garments, tents, and bodies much in the manner of the Plains tribes.
Flathead, North American Indian tribe of what is now western Montana, U.S., whose original territory extended from the crest of the Bitterroot Range to the Continental Divide of the Rocky Mountains and centred on the upper reaches of the Clark Fork of the Columbia River.
Overall, huckleberries, chokecherries, service berries, bitter root and a variety of meat sources including buffalo, deer, fish, and elk were commonly harvested. Often such activities were described as a family or community affair.