Although they ranged over much of northern Mexico, New Mexico, and Texas, their most enduring territorial base was in central Texas between the lower Pecos River and the Colorado. The Jumanos were buffalo hunters and traders, and played an active role as middlemen between the Spanish colonies and various Indian tribes.
About 1,100 years ago, the Jumano (hoo MAH noh) lived near the Rio Grande, in the Mountains and Basins region of Texas. Historians call them the Pueblo Jumano because they lived in villages. Each Jumano village had its own leader and its own government.
The Jumano were an indigenous group of tribes located in western Texas, in the southern plains, and one between these two regions, first encountered by Europeans in 1581.
The Jumano built permanent homes made of wood and adobe bricks, which they made by drying clay mud in the sun. They built their homes along the Rio Grande River. This region is dry and rugged, but they still managed to grow crops of corn because they would place their farming fields near the river.
The Jumano were known for their tattooed or painted bodies and as successful bison hunters whose original homelands included areas of the southern Plains and northwestern Edwards Plateau that were frequented by bison herds. This 1994 painting can be seen in Restaurante Lobby’s OK in Ojinaga, Mexico.
The Jumanoes and Tiguas lived in pueblo buildings made of adobe bricks. It is thought they maintained some form of agriculture and possible used irrigation. However, other than a few pictograms left on the bluffs of Concho, Pecos, and Rio Grande Rivers little remains of the Tiguas and of the Jumanos.
* Nomadic Indians such as the Indians of the Great Plains and North Central Plains hunted buffalo, deer, and other animals to meet their basic needs of home, clothing, and tools. *Karankawa, Caddo, and Jumano Indians, who were more sedentary, hunted small animals and fished.
Ysleta del Sur Pueblo (also Tigua Pueblo) is a Puebloan Native American tribal entity in the Ysleta section of El Paso, Texas. Its members are Southern Tiwa people who had been displaced from Spanish New Mexico in 1680-1681 during the Pueblo Revolt against the Spaniards.
The Plains Jumano certainly hunted buffalo and moved to follow the herds. The Plains Jumano probably lived in tee -pees like the other nomadic Southern Plains tribes did. Look on the Jumano map for the villages symbol to see a couple of places where Plains Jumano had villages.
The Comanche started to spread throughout present-day eastern Colorado, western Kansas, western Oklahoma, and north western Texas in 1720, and they lived between the Platte River headwaters and the Kansas River by 1724. During this era of expansion, the Comanche engaged in conflicts with several groups.
Jumano- Native American tribe that lived in the Mountains and Basins region of Texas. They were a sedentary group that farmed and hunted buffalo.
NARRATOR: Arapaho, Cheyenne, Sioux, Shoshone, Ute, Mojave, Crow, Blackfoot. These are some of the Native American tribes that were the earliest inhabitants of the Mountain region. In the 1500s many were displaced from their homeland by Spanish explorers in quest of gold and silver.
Tonkawa -a hunter-gatherer nomadic Native group that lived in the North Central Plains region. They were eventually driven out by the Apaches.
Facts about the Jumano They were a peaceful tribe and covered themselves with tatoos. These Jumanos were nomadic, and wandered along what is known today as the Colorado, the Rio Grande, and the Concho rivers. The Jumanos were good hunters. They hunted wild buffalo.
There are other Jumanos in the Ojinaga and Julimes areas and still practice the old traditions of the Jumano Indians. Our purpose as a Jumano nation is to maintain the Traditions and history of our ancestors. We are still in existence through out the south west and the western United states.
The Jumanos adapted to their environment by building houses out of mud blocks and drying them in the Sun. They also adapted their environment by hunting and gathering food and planting crops near the Rio Grande.