The Inca civilization flourished in ancient Peru between c. 1400 and 1533 CE, and their empire eventually extended across western South America from Quito in the north to Santiago in the south. It is the largest empire ever seen in the Americas and the largest in the world at that time.
Inca, also spelled Inka, South American Indians who, at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1532, ruled an empire that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands from the northern border of modern Ecuador to the Maule River in central Chile.
The most common type of Inca house was rectangular with a thatched roof, and usually had just one room. The walls were usually made from stone or adobe (a claylike material). The stone blocks were carved so that they fitted together perfectly, and there was no need for cement.
The Inca first appeared in what is today southeastern Peru during the 12th century A.D. According to some versions of their origin myths, they were created by the sun god, Inti, who sent his son Manco Capac to Earth through the middle of three caves in the village of Paccari Tampu.
Natural barriers for the Inca included a vast coastal desert, the rugged peaks of the Andes Mountains, and the dense Amazon Jungle.
The Inca lived in stone houses varying in size. They were all built in the Andes on flat plateaus. Their temples, however, were built on circular mounds made by the Inca, sort of like a slanted cylinder.
There are no Incans alive today that are entirely indigenous; they were mostly wiped out by the Spanish who killed them in battle or by disease.
The most common composite form in Inca architecture was the kancha, a rectangular enclosure housing three or more rectangular buildings placed symmetrically around a central courtyard.
The Incas were a very small percentage of the total population of the empire, probably numbering only 15,000 to 40,000, but ruling a population of around 10 million people.
Normally it had a thatched roof. There were no beds or mattresses, so the whole family had to sleep on the floor. ❖ The Inca lived in small villages. Even Cuzco, the capital, was not a very large city.
Peru, country in western South America. Except for the Lake Titicaca basin in the southeast, its borders lie in sparsely populated zones.
The spread of disease Influenza and smallpox were the main causes of death among the Inca population and it affected not only the working class but also the nobility.
The ancestors of the Incas were hunters who came from Asia crossing the Bering Strait. Over 20,000 years ago the Bering Strait connected Siberia and Alaska, it took several thousand years to populate and create civilizations in the Americas. Groups of people settled along the way creating communities.
Emerging in 1438 C.E., the Incan Empire developed along the west coast of the continent, with the Pacific Ocean forming its western border, and the formidable Andes Mountains to the east, which provided a natural barrier from outsiders.
The climate in Inca is warm and temperate. The rain in Inca falls mostly in the winter, with relatively little rain in the summer. This climate is considered to be Csa according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification.
The Incas built the estate around 1450 but abandoned it a century later, at the time of the Spanish conquest. According to the new AMS radiocarbon-dating, it was occupied from c. 1420-1532. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls.