Where do the Hopis live? The Hopi are natives of northwestern Arizona, where they and their ancestors have been living for thousands of years. How is the Hopi Indian nation organized? The Hopis live on a reservation, which is land that belongs to them and is under their control.
Did the Hopi have a religion?
The Hopi Tribe Reservation is located in northeastern Arizona in Coconino and Navajo Counties. The Reservation is made up of 12 villages on three mesas (known as First, Second, and Third Mesa) on more than 1.5 million acres.
Hopi people lived in adobe houses, which are multi-story house complexes made of adobe (clay and straw baked into hard bricks) and stone. Each adobe unit was home to one family, like a modern apartment. Hopi people used ladders to reach the upstairs apartments.
The Hopi call themselves ” Hopituh Shi-nu-mu,” meaning “The Peaceful People” or “Peaceful Little Ones.” Like many Native American tribes, the Hopi are organized into clans, focusing on the matrilineal lines will help those searching for Hopi ancestors.
Each village is self-governing and autonomous, and members of the Hopi tribe often identify themselves by their village and clan affiliations. The Hopi are widely considered to be the “oldest of the native people” within north America and have current total population of nearly 14,212.
The Hopi people trace their history in Arizona to more than 2,000 years, but their history as a people goes back many more thousands of years. According to their legends, the Hopi migrated north to Arizona from the south, up from what is now South America, Central America and Mexico.
Today, the Tewa live primarily in the Nambé, Pojoaque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh (formerly known as San Juan Pueblo), Santa Clara, and Tesuque Pueblos in northeastern New Mexico; with some descendants also residing on the First Mesa Hopi Reservation in Arizona.
The Hopi are deeply religious people who live by an ethic of peace and goodwill. They have worked very hard to retain their culture, language, and religion, despite outside influences. They are widely known for their crafts—pottery, silver overlay, and baskets.
The Hopi language comes from the Uto-Aztecan language family and is related to Shoshone, Comanche and Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs. The Navajo language comes from the Athapaskan language family and is related to the languages of the Cibecue and Tonto Apaches and languages spoken in California, Alaska and Canada.
Hopi language, a North American Indian language of the Uto-Aztecan family, spoken by the Hopi people of northeastern Arizona.
The music of the Hopi represents a type of musical style uniquely identified with the American Indian. The music of the Hopi, as expressed through the Butterfly Dance, is basically vocal, group singing being the norm rather than individual exhibitionism. Instruments are confined primarily to bells, rattles, and drums.
A few native Hopi names remain though: Chosposi, Ciji, Hehewuti, Hola, Honovi, Humita, Kasa, Kaya, Lenmana, Mansi, Muna, Nampayu, Nampeo, Nova, Shuman, Sunki, Takala, Talasi, Tansy, Tcu Mana, Toski, Totsi, Tuwa, Una, Yamka, Yoki and Zihna for girls; and Ahote, Alo, Apha, Cheauka, Kele, Len, Lololoma, Makya, Matcito,
The peaceful Hopi were forced to battle for their survival in a long period of fighting that would last until 1824 when Spain recognized Mexico and the Hopi lands were given to the new Mexican government.
The Hopi encountered Spaniards in the 16th century, and are historically referred to as Pueblo people, because they lived in villages (pueblos in the Spanish language).
The Hopi village of Oraibi has been continuously inhabited since its founding, which is estimated to have been around 1100, and even today the small village holds to their traditional way of living, and they don’t especially appreciate visitors coming by to gawk.
Oraibi, which the Hopi claim is the oldest continuously occupied town in the United States, is located on Third Mesa. The village dates from 1150 and, according to legend, was founded by people from Old Shungopavi.