According to the Goshutes, their people have always lived in the desert region southwest of the Great Salt Lake. Scientists argue that the Goshute Indians migrated along with other Numic-speaking peoples from the Death Valley region of California to the Great Basin, probably around one thousand years ago.
The Great Basin Goshute tribe lived in temporary shelters of windbreaks in the summer or flimsy huts covered with rushes or bunches of grass called Brush Shelters. The materials used for this simple construction were sagebrush, willow, branches, leaves, and grass (brush) that were available in their region.
Before and during the historical period, the Goshute often: Hunted animals and birds, fished, and gathered insects like grasshoppers and all kinds of plants, like cattails, to eat. Ate pinyon pine nuts as an important part of their diet. Wore clothes woven from plants, with rabbitskin robes in winter.
Ute, Numic-speaking group of North American Indians originally living in what is now western Colorado and eastern Utah; the latter state is named after them.
The Goshute tribe spoke in language, formerly called Plateau Shoshonean which was a division of the Uto-Aztecan language. In their own language the name Goshute is derived either from a leader named Goship or from Gutsipupiutsi, a word meaning “Desert People”.
The Paiutes were hunter-gatherers, and moved from place to place frequently as they gathered food for their families. Paiute men hunted deer, elk, buffalo, and small game, and went fishing in the rivers and lakes. Paiute women gathered roots, pine nuts, seeds and fruits.
Before they started raising sheep, the Navajo wore clothes made of woven yucca plants or deerskin. The men wore breechcloths and the women skirts. Their shoes were soft leather moccasins. Later, they wore clothes woven from the wool of sheep.
Etymology. The name ” Shoshone ” comes from Sosoni, a Shoshone word for high-growing grasses. Shoshones call themselves Newe, meaning “People.” Meriwether Lewis recorded the tribe as the “Sosonees or snake Indians” in 1805.
Goshute War. Goshute War. By early 1860 Indian-white relations in the western portion of the Great Basin were at a critical point. The Overland Stage was constantly harassed, and some of the permanent settlements were threatened. In May of that year a detachment of federal troops was sent to the area from Camp Floyd.
There are two federally recognized Goshute tribes today: Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, located in Nevada and Utah. Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah of the Skull Valley Indian Reservation, located in Utah.
The wickiup was constructed of tall saplings driven into the ground, bent over, and tied together near the top. This dome-shaped framework was covered with large overlapping mats of woven rushes or of bark that were tied to the saplings.
Goshute Treaty (1863) – The Goshute Treaty of 1863 was a treaty between U.S. Government and Gosh-Ute tribe signed on 13 Oct 1863 in Tooele Valley to end the Overland War of 1863. The treaty was a peace treaty and did not involve land cession or sovereignty.
Most Ute people speak English today. More than a thousand Utes, especially older people, also speak their native Ute language. If you’d like to know a few easy Ute words, maiku (pronounced similar to “my-kuh”) is a friendly greeting, and tog’oiak’ means “thank you.”
Utes, a mainstay of Aussie car culture since we invented the bloody things back in the 1930s, are set to disappear from local showrooms replaced instead, by those most American of things, the truck, or to give them their correct nomenclature, the ‘pick-up’ truck.
The Ute and Southern Paiute Indians are descended from the same group of Numic-speaking hunter-gatherers that began migrating east from southern California around A.D. 1000. Historically, the two groups shared similar, but not identical, hunter-gatherer lifestyles.