Comanches. In the late 1600s and early 1700s, multiple, independent bands of Comanches migrated south from present-day eastern Colorado and western Kansas. They waged war on the other tribes in their path, including the Apache. Within a century, they controlled a vast territory called the Comanchería.
Historically, they lived in most of present-day northwestern Texas and adjacent areas in eastern New Mexico, southeastern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, western Oklahoma, and northern Chihuahua. The U.S. government recognizes the Comanche people as the Comanche Nation, headquartered in Lawton, Oklahoma.
The Comanches lived in buffalo-hide houses called tipis (or teepees). Here are some pictures of tipis. Since the Comanches moved frequently to follow the buffalo herds, a tipi was carefully designed to set up and break down quickly, like a modern tent.
Dating back to the early 1500s, the Comanche were originally part of the Eastern Shoshone, who lived near the upper reaches of the Platte River in eastern Wyoming. However, when the Europeans entered the scene and the tribe obtained horses, they broke off from the Shoshone with an estimated 10,000 members.
In the 17th century the Eastern Shoshone people who became known as the Comanche migrated southward from Wyoming. In the 18th and 19th centuries the Comanche became the dominant tribe on the southern Great Plains.
The Comanche Nation’s main headquarters is located 9 miles north of Lawton, Oklahoma. The Comanche tribe currently has approximately 17,000 enrolled tribal members with around 7,000 residing in the tribal jurisdictional area around the Lawton, Ft Sill, and surrounding counties.
The Comanches were fierce warriors who lived on the Southern Plains. The Southern Plains extend down from the state of Nebraska into the north part of Texas. See the map. The Comanches are one of the most historically important Indian cultures from Texas.
According to the 2000 U.S. census, there were some 10,500 individuals of Comanche descent in the United States. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Jeff Wallenfeldt.
As for the appearance of a Comanche you could usually describe them as being shorter. Warriors would wear their hair long, parted in the middle, and braided on the sides. As for the women, they wore their hair short. To the right is a dress worn by a woman in the Comanche tribe.
Comanche (English: /kəˈmæntʃi/, endonym Nʉmʉ Tekwapʉ̲) is a Uto-Aztecan language spoken by the Comanche people, who split from the Shoshone people soon after the Comanche had acquired horses around 1705.
The following are the names of Comanche bands so far as these are known:
On December 19, 1860, Sul Ross led the attack on the Comanche village and according to Ross’s report, “killed twelve of the Comanches and captured three: a woman who turned out to be Cynthia Ann Parker, her daughter Topsannah (Prairie Flower), and a young boy whom Ross brought to Waco and named Pease Ross
Of possible equal importance in the Comanches’ move south was the desire to gain access to the Spaniards of New Mexico and Texas. Comanches sometimes visited the Salt Fork of the Arkansas in northern Oklahoma. Members of other Indian nations in the Indian Territory often visited Comanche villages to trade for horses.