Chickasaw, North American Indian tribe of Muskogean linguistic stock who originally inhabited what is now northern Mississippi and Alabama. In their earlier history the Chickasaw and the Choctaw (q.v.) may have been a single tribe.
The Chickasaw Indians were a tribe of great hunters and warriors whose towns were located near the headwaters of the Tombigbee River in northeastern Mississippi, but who ranged far and wide over the whole Mississippi valley region.
The Chickasaw Indians originally lived in the Southeast in areas of Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, and Kentucky. In 1832 they migrated to Oklahoma after being forced to sell their land to the United States government.
The earliest recorded history of the Chickasaw Nation began in 1540, when Hernando de Soto encountered the tribe on his travels throughout the southeastern portion of the continent.
The history of the Chickasaw Nation in Oklahoma began in 1818 when tribal leaders signed the Treaty of Old Town, ceding their lands in western Kentucky and Tennessee. Despite their refusal to cede their traditional lands in 1826, the election of Pres.
The Chickasaw Nation in Oklahoma is the 13th-largest federally recognized tribe in the United States. Its members are related to the Choctaw and share a common history with them. The Chickasaw are divided into two groups (moieties): the Impsaktea and the Intcutwalipa.
Summary and Definition: The Chickasaw tribe of northeastern Mississippi were known for their brave, warlike and independent disposition. They were regarded as the most formidable warriors of the Southeast and referred to as the “Unconquered”.
The Chickasaw language was the primary language of Chickasaw people for hundreds of years. Chickasaw is a Muskogean language, and Chickasaw and Choctaw together form the Western branch of the Muskogean language family.
Oklahoma means: “ honorable Nation ” “a brave people” (not “some brave people”)
1 plural Chickasaw or Chickasaws: a member of a nation of Indigenous peoples of Mississippi and Alabama. 2: the Muskogean language of the Chickasaw.
Treaty with the Choctaw and Chickasaw, 1837 (also known as Treaty of Doaksville )
Because of their relatively small population and because Indian and European enemies lived all around them in the 18th century, the Chickasaws placed a great emphasis on military prowess. At various times the Chickasaws warred against the Choctaws, the Creeks, the Cherokees, and the French, among other peoples.
Although their social and political structure was similar to the Choctaw, there were significant differences between the two nations. The Choctaw were more peaceful and agrarian(working as farmers) than the Chickasaw, who were hunters and proud warriors.