Who Were the Cheyenne? The Cheyenne tribe consisted of Native Americans that began as a woodland people in Minnesota before events of the late 1600s forced them into nomadic life on the Great Plains.
The Cheyenne tribe originally lived as farmers in earthlodges in the Sheyenne River valley. The were forced west to the Great Plains by the French and their Chippewa allies. The Cheyenne tribe changed their lifestyle to become nomadic buffalo hunters who lived in tepees.
According to tribal history, during the 17th century, the Cheyenne had been driven by the Assiniboine (Hóheeheo’o – “wrapped ones or swaddled”, adaptive from the Lakota/Dakota word Hóhe, meaning “rebels”) from the Great Lakes region to present-day Minnesota and North Dakota, where they established villages.
The Cheyenne are a tribe of Algonquian linguistic stock who were closely allied with the Arapaho and Gros Ventre and loosely allied with the Lakota Sioux. One of the most prominent of the Plains tribes, they primarily lived and hunted on hills and prairies alongside the Missouri and Red Rivers.
The tribe call themselves ” Tsis tsis’tas” (Tse-TSES-tas) which means “the beautiful people”. The Cheyenne Nation is comprised of ten bands, spread all over the Great Plains, from southern Colorado to the Black Hills in South Dakota.
It is of Native American Indian origin, and the meaning of Cheyenne is “unintelligible speakers”. From the French name “shaiyena”. Name of a Native American tribe. The Cheyennes were famous for their courage in battle, and the capital city of Wyoming is named after the tribe.
Interesting Facts about the Cheyenne Tribe The buffalo was a major part of the Cheyenne culture and way of life. The buffalo provided their food, shelter, and clothing. Each year, the Cheyenne bands would come together for four days during the Spring to celebrate the Sun Dance ceremony.
In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition encountered the Cheyenne living on the upper Missouri River. The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes became allies and formed into one Nation.
“Aho” means ” yes, I agree “,”‘I understand’, or ‘I acknowledge”.
The Cheyenne fought constantly with the Kiowa until 1840, when a lasting peace was established between them.
The Comanches, known as the “Lords of the Plains”, were regarded as perhaps the most dangerous Indians Tribes in the frontier era. One of the most compelling stories of the Wild West is the abduction of Cynthia Ann Parker, Quanah’s mother, who was kidnapped at age 9 by Comanches and assimilated into the tribe.
In Canada, over 350,000 people are Cree or have Cree ancestry. In the United States, Cree people historically lived from Lake Superior westward. Today, they live mostly in Montana, where they share the Rocky Boy Indian Reservation with Ojibwe (Chippewa) people.
After the Revolution After the American victory, the British ceded their claim to land in the colonies, and the Americans forced their allies, the Mohawks and others, to give up their territories in New York. Most of the Mohawks migrated to Canada, where the Crown gave them some land in compensation.
These are equivalent to when we say to our mother in English, “Mom!” Náhee’hahenôtse. He is my son. Náhéhenôtse.
No, prior to the late nineteenth century, the Cheyenne people generally did not use money. The Cheyenne usually bartered and traded.
Dull Knife, (born c. 1810, Rosebud River, Montana Territory [U.S.]—died 1883, Tongue River Indian Reservation, Montana Territory), chief of the northern Cheyenne who led his people on a desperate trek from confinement in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) to their home in Montana. He was known to his people as Morning Star.