The Cheyenne tribe originally lived as farmers in earthlodges in the Sheyenne River valley. The were forced west to the Great Plains by the French and their Chippewa allies. The Cheyenne tribe changed their lifestyle to become nomadic buffalo hunters who lived in tepees.
The Cheyenne of the Great Plains lived in teepees made from buffalo hides and wooden poles.
Today, the Cheyenne people are split into two federally recognized Nations: the Southern Cheyenne, who are enrolled in the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes in Oklahoma, and the Northern Cheyenne, who are enrolled in the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation in Montana.
The climate in the great plains region had many different weather conditions. For instance, the winter had freezing temperatures, but in the summer it was hot and dry. It didn’t rain very much. Hail, blizzards, tornadoes, and dust storms were common.
It is “Haaahe.” It has no word meaning, but, does still have important social meaning of recognition, solidarity, friendship.
During the 1800s, the Cheyenne laid their dead to rest in the trees. In the absence of a suitable tree, mourners constructed a scaffolding with four wooden posts staked into the ground. A wood platform for the body was then laid across the posts, resulting in a structure, typically 8 to 10 feet high.
Cheyenne, North American Plains Indians who spoke an Algonquian language and inhabited the regions around the Platte and Arkansas rivers during the 19th century. Before 1700 the Cheyenne lived in what is now central Minnesota, where they farmed, hunted, gathered wild rice, and made pottery.
Meaning of Cheyenne Cheyenne means “red speakers” or “strangerly speaking” in Sioux. Deriving from the French word “chien”, Cheyenne means “dog” or “dog owner”.
The Dog Soldiers or Dog Men ( Cheyenne: Hotamétaneo’o) are historically one of six Cheyenne military societies. It effectively became a separate band, occupying territory between the Northern and Southern Cheyenne. Its members often opposed policies of peace chiefs such as Black Kettle.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
Native American: A name given to a tribe of the Algonquians by the Sioux, Cheyenne is derived from a word meaning unintelligible speakers, but a truer meaning might be strangers or foreigners.
Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States, 78 % of whom live outside reservations: California, Arizona and Oklahoma have the largest populations of Native Americans in the United States.
The Cheyenne language (Tsėhésenėstsestȯtse), is the Native American language spoken by the Cheyenne people, predominantly in present-day Montana and Oklahoma, in the United States. It is part of the Algonquian language family. Like all other Algonquian languages, it has complex agglutinative morphology.
The Arapaho spoke in the Algonquian language. The Arapaho’s food was buffalo, deer, elk, bear and wild turkey. They also ate wild berries, fruits, roots, herbs and wild vegetables such as spinach, prairie turnips and potatoes.
The Cheyenne were very religious and ceremonial people. They performed an elaborate sundance, smoked peace pipes, built houses specifically for ceremonies and recognized both special hats and arrows as being sacred. The practice of counting coup was used by the Cheyenne Indians.