The Ottawa [Or Odawa, Canadian] originally lived along the Ottawa River in eastern Ontario and western Quebec at the time of European arrival in the early 1600s. Their historic homelands also included Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, and what is now Michigan’s Upper Peninsula.
The reservation where the Ottawa lived became a township named after them. They lived there until 1867. In 1867, the Ottawa sold their land in Kansas and moved into Indian Territory in Oklahoma. By this time more of the Ottawa had died and only about 200 were left.
Ottawa, Algonquian-speaking North American Indians whose original territory focused on the Ottawa River, the French River, and Georgian Bay, in present northern Michigan, U.S., and southeastern Ontario and southwestern Quebec, Canada.
In 1891, 157 Ottawa were allotted land, and the US federal government sold the rest of their tribal lands. In 1936, the tribe organized under the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act and gained federal recognition. In 1956 The United States Government decided that the Ottawa Tribe served no purpose and terminated them.
In the mid-18th century, the Odawa allied with their French trading partners against the British in the Seven Years’ War, known as the French and Indian War in the North American colonies. They made raids against Anglo-American colonists.
Today there more than 10,000 Ottawa in the United States, with the majority in Michigan. Another several thousand live in Ontario, Canada.
The Ottawa Indians originally lived along the Ottawa River in eastern Ontario and western Quebec at the time when European settles first arrived in the early 1600s. They moved into northern Ohio around 1740.
Most Ottawa Indian people live in their original homeland in southern Ontario and Michigan state. Other Ottawas were deported to Oklahoma by the US government, and some Ottawas assimilated into Ojibway bands. There are about 15,000 Ottawa Indians today.
Ojibwa, also spelled Ojibwe or Ojibway, also called Chippewa, self-name Anishinaabe, Algonquian-speaking North American Indian tribe who lived in what are now Ontario and Manitoba, Can., and Minnesota and North Dakota, U.S., from Lake Huron westward onto the Plains.
The Ottawa language, also known as Odawa, is one of the many language varieties making up what is commonly known as Ojibwe. These languages are still spoken across Canada and the northern United States. Ottawa is a member of the Central Algonquian branch of the Algic language family.
Ottawa, Canada The name Ottawa is derived from the Algonquin word “adawe”, which means “to trade”. The settlement was originally incorporated as Bytown in 1850. The name was changed to Ottawa in 1855.
After living in Kansas for a time, the Ottawa used money from their allotment in Kansas to buy the land they are currently on in Oklahoma. Tribal headquarters is in Miami. At the time, the Ottawa people believed that if they used their own money to buy land, the government would not be able to remove them again.
In the modern period, these distinctions have largely disappeared, although adopted tribal organizations still function in Oklahoma and Canada. The Ottawa believed in a supreme being (the “Master of Life”), as well as many good and evil spirits.
The sides of the wigwam were usually bark stripped from trees. The male of the family was responsible for the framing of the wigwam. Mary Rowlandson uses the term Wigwam in reference to the dwelling places of the Native Americans that she stayed with while in their captivity during King Philip’s War in 1675.
Odawa (or Ottawa) are an Algonquian-speaking people (see Indigenous Languages in Canada) living north of the Huron-Wendat at the time of French penetration to the Upper Great Lakes. A tradition of the Odawa, shared by the Ojibwa and Potawatomi, states that these three groups were once one people.